ART-MAKING

PRINTMAKING TECHNIQUES

Children Playing Games at Daycare

Julia Manoyok Ekpakohak b. 1968
Printmaker: Louie Nigiyok b. 1960
Children Playing Games at Daycare 1999

ACID-FREE ETCHING

A metal plate is covered with a resist, portions of which are removed by the artist to create an image. The image plate is put in a tank filled with a conducting solution with the positive pole of the power source connected to it and the negative pole to another metal plate. When a low voltage current is generated, the electricity etches the image by moving the exposed metal to the other plate. The etched image plate is removed from the tank, cleaned, inked and printed.

 

Wolves and Caribou

Peter Palvik b. 1960
Wolves and Caribou 2000

LITHOGRAPHY

The artist draws an image directly on a stone block or a zinc or aluminum plate using a grease crayon and a separate plate for each colour. A mixture of acid and gum arabic etches the surface of the plate and fixes the image to it. Areas drawn with the grease crayon are more receptive to water. Water is then sponged over the surface and greasy ink is applied with a roller. The ink adheres to the drawn image, but is repelled by the dampened areas. Sheets of paper are placed on the plate and they are put through a printing press transferring the image from plate to paper.

 

Big and Small

Elsie Klengenberg b. 1946
Big and Small 1991

STENCIL

Using the original drawing, the artist cuts a mylar stencil for each colour to be used. The image is then transferred directly to paper by applying ink through the open space of the stencils using stiff stippling brushes. The artist is able to control the texture of the colour by varying the intensity of the paint giving the effect of soft, brushed colour. Colours are applied in sequence throughout the whole edition of the print.

 

Don't Be So Noisy

Helen Kalvak (1901-1984)
Printmaker: Harry Egotak b. 1925
Don't Be So Noisy 1969

STONECUT

The image to be printed is left in relief with the negative space chiseled away from the stone. A soft rubber roller is used to apply the ink. All colours are applied at once. Paper is placed over the inked stone, transferring the image from stone to paper.

 

Bear Tracks

Mary K. Okheena b. 1957
Printmakers: Susie Malgokak b. 1955, Louie Nigiyok b. 1960
Bear Tracks 1992

WOODCUT

The artist creates an image on the surface of a block of wood, chiselling away on either side of the lines, leaving the image in relief. Paper is placed over the inked block and pressure (burnishing) is applied allowing the ink to be transferred from the woodblock to paper. As each colour is printed separately, the process is repeated until all colours are applied.

 

Printmaking demonstrations on video (Alex Poruchnyk, 2000)


Stencil printmaking demonstration by Elsie Klengenberg

Stencil printmaking demonstration by Elsie Klengenberg.

 


Lithography demonstration by Peter Palvik

Lithography demonstration by Peter Palvik.

 


Stonecut printmaking demonstration by Harry Egotak

Stonecut printmaking demonstration by Harry Egotak.

 

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