As in all major forest fires in the Province, fire retardant was used to control the Silver Creek Fire. Air tankers and helicopters dropped retardant in the path of the advancing fire, reducing the forest flammability. The retardant coated the forest fuel and slowed its progress long enough for firefighters to take action.
Water soluble retardants are most commonly used because they are long-lasting and do not evaporate. They contain ammonium salts that char on contact with flame. This reaction releases a combination of water and carbon dioxide that in effect, pre-burns the fuel. The B.C. Wildfire Management Branch describes their fire retardants as “industrial strength fertilizer with colouring.”
Applied by ground crews from water bags and relay tanks, delivered by pumps and hoses, or by helicopters equipped with buckets or belly tanks, water is an important suppressant in the firefighter’s arsenal. Initially, bucket helicopters were used to scoop water from lakes in the Fly Hills area, dumping anywhere from 360 to 1200 litres of water with each load.
1. Tom Lacey, c. 2003
2.-4. Jake Jacobson, c. 1990.