Our Challenges and Our Future: 1970 to present

Canada achieved independent nationhood by patriating (bringing home) its constitution from the U.K. in 1982.  As well as new constitutional provisions, The Constitution Act of 1982 included a Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which declares that all Canadian citizens have the following fundamental rights:

• Freedom of thought
• Freedom of expression
• Freedom of the press
• Freedom of peaceful assembly
• Freedom of association

Many of the ideas embodied in the Charter had been included in the Bill of Rights passed by the Canadian Parliament in 1960. But the Bill of Rights was only a law, not a part of the constitution.

However, some key issues remain unresolved: for Canada’s First Peoples, self government, cultural renewal, ongoing land claims, and recognition as members of this land’s founding nations are all matters that still require resolution. Canada also continues sometimes to struggle for unity.
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Royal Ontario Museum
Historical Advisors: Alison Faulknor, The Dominion Institute; Nick Brune, author and history teacher

© 2006, Royal Ontario Museum. All Rights Reserved.

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