Of all of the land mammals, caribou is considered the most essential to our well being. Our patterns of caribou hunting have always been determined by the topography of the land, but also by the cycle of the caribou population. When there are many caribou they can often be hunted without having to travel great distances, so it is possible to hunt caribou and marine mammals from the same camping place. When caribou numbers are low it is often necessary to travel great distances inland to find places where small scattered groups can be found.

In earlier days, we would often hunt caribou while they were crossing rivers or lakes where they could be more easily killed. We would butcher the caribou and then store the meat under piles of rock to keep it safe from wolves or fox. In the winter, when it was easier to travel overland by dog sled, we would return to these caches and bring the meat back to the village.

One of the most important times of the year for hunting caribou is in the late summer and early fall. It is at this time that their hair is best for making winter clothing. One of the reasons caribou is so warm for winter clothing is that the hair is hollow which creates even greater insulation.
Inuit Tapirisat of Canada

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