In order to maintain peace and social order, the shogun who held supreme authority in Japan, imposed new rules and laws governing all aspects of society. For instance, a social class system was created consisting of samurai, farmers, artisans, and merchants and marriage between members of different classes was prohibited. Only the samurai class, the highest, which included the shogun, daimyo, and soldiers were permitted to carry swords. Moreover, to insure the loyalty of its fief lords, the daimyo, the centralized government of the Tokugawa, required them to live every other year in Edo, the capital (now Tokyo), where their families were forced to live.
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