Metalworkers Before and During Meiji

During the Edo period, metalworkers were kept busy making swords, daggers, and tsubas for samurai clients. However, the metalworkers turned to other means of survival when the Restoration government prevented samurai from wearing swords. During the Meiji, metalworkers made vases, sculptures, and other decorative objects for their new clients in Japan and abroad. Japanese artists working in bronze and other metals were recognized for their excellence at the Vienna exhibition of 1873, and the later Exposition of metalwork in Nuremberg, in 1885.
Vancouver Museum, Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts,

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