The Interrelationship of Wolastoqiyik and their Environment

Section One: Project/Lesson Overview

Grade: 11

Subject: English

Lesson Title: The Interrelationship of Wolastoqiyik and their Environment

Lesson Description: The use of oral histories as examples of how humans interact with eco-systems and use resources during changing seasons.

Time Required: 3 x 60 minute classes

Specific Curriculum Outcomes:

  • Examine a theme from different perspectives. 
  • Analyze patterns of imagery 
  • Relate imagery to the pattern of theme 
  • Explore how artists use different media to create meaning 
  • Examine how different forms, techniques, language and styles affect meaning 
  • Create original media works based on a theme
  • gain a greater appreciation and understanding of Wolastoqiyik and their history, culture, and conditions

Section Two: Project/Lesson Implementation

Equipment/Materials Required: Access to Seasons of Change content

Lesson Procedures/Teaching Strategies:

  1. Give students a definition of what an ecosystem is. According to Webster’s dictionary an ecosystem is “a complex system composed of an ecological community of organisms interacting with the environment.” 
  2. In groups of three or four students have them discuss what is an ecosystem system and what is the major problem affecting the environment today. Also, what can we do to protect the environment? Someone from each group will write down their findings and another person will present it to the class. 
  3. Assign each group one of the Ronald Paul recordings. 
  4. As the groups listen to the recordings they will make notes of how the Mr. Paul refers to activities based on the season and nature: What are the materials used? How are the materials used?, etc. Share transcript after students have created their own notes. 
  5. Share the story Turtle Goes Hunting. Discuss the elements of the story with particular attention to noting items from the Ronald Paul recordings. Also discuss the elements of storytelling and short story development: symbolism, character development, etc.

Assignments

  1. In writing or in an audio recording (podcast), have students describe how life for Wolastoqiyik was influenced by seasons 
  2. In writing or in an audio recording (podcast), have students choose a season and produce a work of fiction concerning an event that might have happened to Wolastoqiyik based on the seasonal conditions.

Suggested Assessment Strategies:

Suggested rubric: 

Introduction:  First paragraph has a "grabber" or catchy beginning; First paragraph has a weak "grabber"; A catchy beginning was attempted but was confusing rather than catchy; No attempt was made to catch the reader's attention in the first paragraph.

Focus on Assigned Topic:  The entire story is related to the assigned topic and allows the reader to understand much more about the topic; Most of the story is related to the assigned topic. The story wanders off at one point, but the reader can still learn something about the topic; Some of the story is related to the assigned topic, but a reader does not learn much about the topic; No attempt has been made to relate the story to the assigned topic.

Organization:  The story is very well organized. One idea or scene follows another in a logical sequence with clear transitions; The story is pretty well organized. One idea or scene may seem out of place. Clear transitions are used; The story is a little hard to follow. The transitions are sometimes not clear; Ideas and scenes seem to be randomly arranged.

Creativity: The story contains many creative details and/or descriptions that contribute to the reader's enjoyment. The author has really used his imagination; The story contains a few creative details and/or descriptions that contribute to the reader's enjoyment. The author has used his imagination; The story contains a few creative details and/or descriptions, but they distract from the story. The author has tried to use his imagination; There is little evidence of creativity in the story. The author does not seem to have used much imagination.

Section Three: Project/Lesson Resources

Supplementary Resources:
Leavitt, Robert M. Maliseet Micmac: First Nations of the Maritimes. Fredericton: New Ireland Press, 2003.

Web-Based Resources:
http://website.nbm-mnb.ca/Koluskap/index.php  

Disclaimer: The recommended web-resources included here have been scrutinized for their grade and age appropriateness; however, contents on links on the Internet change continuously. It is advisable that teachers preview all links before recommending them to students.


Lynn Wagg, Saint John High School, Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 2007
New Brunswick, CANADA
© 2007, New Brunswick Museum. All Rights Reserved.

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