Born in Orillia, Ontario in 1890. Died in Toronto, Ontario in 1945. Franklin Carmichael RCA, whose parents were Scottish, grew up in Orillia, Ontario. In 1911, he entered the Ontario College of Art in Toronto, where he studied with William Cruickshank and George Reid. At the Toronto Technical School, he studied with Gustav Hahn. Also in 1911, he apprenticed as a commercial artist with the Grip Ltd. advertising agency in Toronto, where he met Tom Thomson, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald and Frederick Varley. He then studied in Antwerp in 1913–1914, and after returning to Canada, worked as a designer while continuing to paint watercolours and oils of Northern Ontario landscapes. Carmichael, a founding member of the Group of Seven, was president of the group from 1932 to 1934. He taught at the Ontario College of Art from 1932 to 1945, but continued to paint oil and watercolour landscapes. His preferred landscapes were those of the Ottawa Valley and the shores of Lake Superior, which he visited several times with Alfred J. Casson and Lawren Harris.

The Valley - 1921, oil on canvas. Edmonton Art Gallery
North Shore, Lake Superior - 1927, oil on canvas. The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
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