What is the Ayurvedic view of human physiology?

Ayurveda has a common basis of understanding for human physiology, cosmic physiology, and herbs. This understanding is based on five elements: earth, water, fire, air, and space. These five elements each have functional significance in our bodies, including structuring (body tissues, for example), binding and moistening (bodily fluids), transforming, digestion, and metabolism (enzymes and hormones), moving/circulation, transportation, and communication (the nervous and circulatory systems), and spacing (all macro- and micro-channels).

These five elements manifest themselves in human physiology as three doshas (biological humours or biometabolic principles). They are Vata (space+air), Pitta (fire+water), and Kapha (earth+water).

Vata performs functions of circulation, transportation and communication and represents all macro and micro channels (such as the nervous system, circulatory system, etc.)

Pitta is transforming or metabolizing. It represents enzymes and hormones.

Kapha comprises all structures and represents body tissues (bones, muscle tissue, nervous tissue, fat tissue, etc).
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