What are some common medicinal plants that are used in Ayurved?

There are more than 500 herbs. Ayurveda recommends the use of
  • Single herbs that are used based on their action on the three Doshas, bodily tissues, or specific systems or organs, and on that herb's effect as an analgesic, nerve tonic, laxative, anti-asthmatic, or anti-inflammatory

  • Herbal formulas based on a combination of primary herbs, herbs that enhance bioavailability, herbs that eliminate or minimize side effects and maximize side benefits, herbs that facilitate the elimination of metabolic wastes and toxins, and herbs that have immunomodulating effects.

Some of the most commonly used single herbs are Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) for heart care; Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)which is particularly good for the nervous system, anxiety, or depression - think of it as Indian ginseng; Guggul (Commiphora mukul) which is most commonly used for high cholesterol and joint inflammation, stiffness and joint pains. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) is very good as an immunomodulator, for skin diseases, liver problems, and hyperacidity. Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris) is commonly used for urinary problems, kidney stones, or prostate problems. Nirgundi (Vitex nirgundo) is also very good for joint pains, sciatica, and disorders of the nervous system.

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