The minikukanashku (gunwales) are made out of thin strips of wood. The bow and stern must be bent upwards in order to create "rocker" in the canoe hull. "Rocker" is the round shape of the bottom of a canoe than determines how maneuverable the canoe will be. The more round it is, the more maneuverable is the canoe. Canoes with little rocker are not that maneuverable, but they "track well," that is, they can be paddled easily in a straight line. Temporary thwarts are used to hold the gunwales together until they can be attached to the ribs, and the permanent thwarts installed.
Peter Armitage, curator/facilitator (St. John's, NL), Nympha Byrne, researcher (Natuashish, Labrador) and Gillian Davidge, education consultant (The Rooms, St. John’s, NL)