First Nations Before the Loyalists

With a population of up to 1,000 Mi’qmaq and Maliseet Indians and about 2,500 Acadians and New Englanders, New Brunswick in 1782-83 was still a wilderness.

Of least trouble to the land-seeking Loyalists were the earliest of all the inhabitants: the Mi’qmaq and the Maliseets. As small weak bands and former allies of the French they were not deemed worthy of courtship, far less concessions. The Loyalists coveted the river frontages of the Saint John from which the Indians fished, and the intervals on which they grew corn, so the Indians were compelled, as Edward Winslow remarked nonchalantly, “to leave the banks of the rivers…and hunt on other grounds.” 

- Ronald Rees, Land of the Loyalists: Their struggle to shape the Maritimes, Halifax: Nimbus, 2000. pp. 11-13.

Ronald Rees
c. 1784
CANADA Atlantic Provinces, Atlantic Provinces, CANADA
© 2000, Ronald Rees. Nimbus Publishing. All Rights Reserved.

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