Document #67
Page 1

I have
read this

Having no
funds at
their own
the Indians
should be
in the
& enjoyment
of their Land
[at] the [expense]
of the [Church]
or the [Province]


The Commissioners appointed by His Excellency
the Lieutenant Governor to superintend the affairs
of the Indians in the County of Gloucester, beg leave
to report that in pursuance of their duty in that
respect, they find that the Indians in this County
are in very indigent circumstances having among
them a great number of aged and infirm persons, both
male and female, whose support is altogether dependent,
upon alms and the still more uncertain assistance
of the younger branches of their own families. The
Indians generally are not in the habit of cultivating
the lands reserved for their use, but devote their attention
chiefly to fishing and hunting: pursuits which as
settlement and civilization advance become less
profitable, and even now are barely sufficient to
supply the wants of the younger and more active
branches of the tribes directly engaged therein.
The Indian land reserves in this County
are for the most part unimproved and of little advantage
to these people. This arises principally from their
natural disinclination to agricultural pursuits,
but also in some degree from their exposure to tresspassers
and encroachments, - evils for which they are unacquainted
with a remedy. On one reserve situate about six
miles from the mouth of the Big [Nepisighet] River, a
quantity of timber between one and two hundred tons
was cut and manufactured about three years ago,
by persons connected with the Lumber Trade, part of
which timber was seized by the deputy Commissioner
of Crown Lands, and only delivered up upon the extra
duty being paid into the Land Office- no part of which

Page 2

was ever appropriated to the service of the Indians,
and the Commissioners beg leave to state that such
measures are calculated to prevent them from engaging
in any industrious employment.
In the upper district of this County the Indians
have no lands fit for cultivation. __ The reserve at Eel
River of two hundred acres is altogether a Cedar swamp,
or Carriboo plain, the entrance of the River on the shore
is a sand-bank, and from a letter of occupation, still
in the possession of one of the old Captains of the Tribe,
residing there (a Copy of which is hereunto annexed)
is in the opinion of the Commissioners not the ground
originally allotted to them. the Grant of the piece of
Marsh Meadow mentioned in that Certificate having
been improperly obtained by one Joseph Bert and one
Hilary Michaud.

The Commissioners beg to suggest that if
a supply of provisions and clothing could be obtained
and judiciously distributed before the close of the season,
it would be productive of much benefit, and relieve
the immediate wants of many helpless individuals
and destitute families.

All which is respectfully submitted.
Thom. Deblois Indian
A Barberie Co Gloucester

I wish to receive
the [Comr: of Cr Land]
Report with the
amount so [recv’d] &
its [appropriation]

as also upon the
question here
[raised] ?

Have they received any
portion of the Grant for
the present year?
Oct. 14/38 £ 20 was paid in 18[3]6 in 80 Tons of
timber at 5/per Ton

The only warrant issued
is the one for £50 for the
County of York.
W.H. Odell
Total amt. £200_

Archives & Special Collections, Harriet Irving Library, University of New Brunswick
c. 1838
CANADA Northern New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Northern New Brunswick, CANADA
© Archives & Special Collections, Harriet Irving Library, UNB. All Rights Reserved.

Teachers' Centre Home Page | Find Learning Resources & Lesson Plans