What is so special about this place?

The Campbell Carriage Factory operated for 100 years on the verge of the vast Tantramar marshlands that separate New Brunswick from Nova Scotia, beginning around 1850. 

Why at that time?...why in this place? 

In the decades leading up to 1850 these marshlands afforded the best agricultural lands anywhere throughout the Maritimes.1 They were already being farmed by Acadian settlers as early as the 1670s, and by the early 1700s the village of “Tintimarre” had sprung up at the site where the Campbells later established their carriage factory.2 But the Acadians had no more need for a “factory” to provide carts and sleds, than the First Nations had before them.

The tides of the Bay of Fundy, as high as anywhere in the world, had been depositing for millennia the rich, brown silt which lies tens of meters deep within the Tantramar. The vast saltmarshes created were without equal across North America.3 So rich a resource supported generations of native people, whose artifacts are found today around the perimeter of this unique area, just beyond the reach of the highest tides.  The Acadians shortened the tide's reach, and that's where our story begins.
1  Wynn, G.  Timber Colony: A Historical Geography of Early Nineteenth Century New Brunswick. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981. 71; and Wynn, G., “Late Eighteenth-Century Agriculture on the Bay of Fundy Marshlands,” in Buckner & Frank, eds., The Acadiensis Reader: Volume 1 – Atlantic Canada Before Confederation. Fredericton: Acadiensis Press, 1985. 44-53.

2  Surette, Paul. Atlas of te Acadian Settlement of the Beaubassin: 1660 to 1755 -- Tintamarre and Le Lac. Sackville: Tantramar Heritage Trust, 2004.  98-118.

3  Atlantic Geological Society.  2001. The Last Billion Years: A Geological History of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Halifax:  Nimbus, 2001. 193, 201-202.

Paul Bogaard
Adèle Hempel, Matt Holmes, Michael Doan
18-19th Century
Sackville, New Brunswick, CANADA
© 2007, Tantramar Heritage Trust. All Rights Reserved.

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