A carriage (or wagon, or sleigh) is not “made” strictly speaking... it is assembled.

It is put together by assembling these five essential parts. Each of these parts, in turn, is fitted together out of its component pieces. These are the pieces the skilled craftsmen begin by making:

spokes, hubs, rims and tyre each made by hand and then fitted together to make a wheel;
sides, bottom, framing pieces... to make a body;

long curved poles and a crosspiece... to make shafts;

axles, axlebeds, reaches, springs and a 5th wheel... to form the undercarriage;

bottom, sides, back ... to make a seat;

And this does not yet take account of upholstery, metal trim, rugs and lanterns!  All these would need to crafted from raw material, particular kinds of wood (many of which they harvested, themselves), iron in different forms produced at a foundry, and leather from a tannery.
1 Kinney, Thomas. The Carriage Trade: Making Horse-drawn Vehicles in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2004. 55-63.
Paul Bogaard
Adèle Hempel, Michael Doan
19th Century
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