Wooden treble viol with decorative carving of a face on the end

This viol was originally imported from France to Quebec City, probably in the early 1700s, for use in a convent choir. The convent was called the Hospitalières de Québec. We know that this instrument was played there because there are records that show the purchase of strings and a replacement bow. The viol was also taught to school girls at a convent called the Ursulines. The most accomplished pupil who learned this instrument was an aboriginal girl named Agnès Chabdikouechich.

Maker: Nicolas Bertrand, a famous 17th-century luthier (instrument-maker) based in Paris. France
Gift of R.S. Williams & Sons Co. Ltd.
17th Century
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