Historic Métis culture dates back to the 1600s.  Of almost one million people who identified themselves as aboriginal in the 2001 census, about 30% (293,000) reported that they were Métis.

It was both timely and appropriate to examine the Métis during Canada’s Centennial in 1967.  The Centennial was the celebration of Canada’s first century as a county.

In terms of firsts, Métis people believe that they are arguably the first true Canadians.  They evolved here on the land as a result of European settlement and the fur trade.

Métis history evolved with the history of Canada.

The Métis Nation is a unique aboriginal people with its own culture and with deep roots in this country.  The paternal ancestors of the Métis were French voyageurs, former employees of the Hudson's Bay Company and the Northwest Fur Company. Their maternal ancestors were Aboriginal women from various nations.

In many ways, the Métis people are the earliest example of multiculturalism. 

In the late 1960s Canada began to embrace multiculturalism.  It is appropriate to look more closely at  Métis culture, which symbolizes and embodies this idea.
Royal Ontario Museum
Historical Advisors: Scott Carpenter, Metis Nation of Ontario Training Initiatives; Jean Teillet, Constitutional Lawyer

© 2006, Royal Ontario Museum. All Rights Reserved.

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