Canada Goose breeds from the Arctic coast of Alaska and northern Canada east to Labrador and Newfoundland and south to central California, northern Utah, southern Kansas, northern Arkansas, western Tennessee, western Kentucky, central Ohio, and rarely to Maine. Winters locally from southern Canada to northern Mexico and the Gulf Coast of the United States. Introduced in the British Isles, Iceland, and New Zealand.

Status in British Columbia
Very abundant spring and autumn migrant throughout the province; locally very common to very abundant in winter along the coast and in the southern interior. Resident populations established locally and increasing. Widespread breeder.

The Canada Goose breeds throughout the province from sea level to 1,250 m elevation. During the past 2 decades, introduced populations have become established and are increasing throughout southern British Columbia. However, natural populations still exist, mostly north of latitude 52°N. The Canada Goose breeds in a variety of habitats, including inland and coastal marshes, islands in lakes, ponds, sloughs, rivers, tundra, muskeg, and man-made environments such as agricultural fields, reservoirs, sanctuaries, ditches and dykes, and sewage lagoons. All nesting habitats have a source of permanent water nearby. The Canada Goose usually breeds singly, but in refuges, sanctuaries, or on islands it will occasionally nest in loose colonies. Nests were usually mounds of grasses, reeds, cattail, sticks, leaves, twigs, mosses, and sedges; most were lined with down and fine grasses. Dates for clutches ranged from 13 March to 6 July, sizes for clutches ranged from 1 to 14 eggs, with a majority having 5 or 6 eggs.
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