According to official statistics 56,037 persons emigrated from 1835 to 1890 from the Bavarian Swabia. That amounts to about 10 percent of the total population.

Where did these Bavarian Swabians emigrate to in the 19th century?

The emigration destination of almost 5,000 Swabians is known through a research project of the Swabian Research Association, of the University of Augsburg and of the German Research Foundation (especially through the work of Dr. Peter Maidl). The second most important emigration destination after the USA was Canada with 31 known emigrants.
According to official statistics 56,037 persons emigrated from 1835 to 1890 from the Bavarian Swabia. That amounts to about 10 percent of the total population.

Where did these Bavarian Swabians emigrate to in the 19th century?

The emigration destination of almost 5,000 Swabians is known through a research project of the Swabian Research Association, of the University of Augsburg and of the German Research Foundation (especially through the work of Dr. Peter Maidl). The second most important emigration destination after the USA was Canada with 31 known emigrants.

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Where did these Bavarian Swabians emigrate to in the 19th century?

The Emigration areas of the Swabians in the 19th Century

Canadian Heritage Information Network, Schulen ans Netz (Schools Online)

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Around 1900, Canada issued colourful recruitment leaflets "160 Acres - frei für jeden Ansiedler" (160 Acres - Free for Each Settler).

160 Acres, but that is about 60 hectares--a big farm in Germany.
Around 1900, Canada issued colourful recruitment leaflets "160 Acres - frei für jeden Ansiedler" (160 Acres - Free for Each Settler).

160 Acres, but that is about 60 hectares--a big farm in Germany.

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Title page

"160 Acres (250 Morgen) - frei für jeden Ansiedler" ["160 Acres Free (250 Morgen) Free for Each Settler" - Title page]

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg 6784

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Recruitment Leaflet

Recruitment Leaflet : "160 Acres (250 Morgen) - frei für jeden Ansiedler" ["160 Acres Free (250 Morgen) for Each Settler"] Reverse (Travel Route to Canada)

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg 6784

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Title-page

Title-page of the advertising pamphlet: Canada, the land of the future. An advertising pamphlet published around 1910 and circulated in Bavarian Swabia, euphorically presents the advantages Canada has to offer to immigrants.

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg 6784

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According to the Homestead Act of 1905, they were located in Western Canada, in the provinces of Manitoba, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Alberta and Assiniboia.

One would have to have an atlas to get to know all that.

Well, the Canadian Government thought of that too and had one published !

According to the Homestead Act of 1905, they were located in Western Canada, in the provinces of Manitoba, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Alberta and Assiniboia.

One would have to have an atlas to get to know all that.

Well, the Canadian Government thought of that too and had one published !


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Title-page

Using maps, this advertising atlas from around 1910, published by the Canadian Ministry of the Interior and circulated in Bavarian Swabia, describes the possible living conditions of immigrants coming to Canada.

Bayerisches Staatsarchiv Augsburg BA Neuburg

6787
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Map

On this map of Manitoba, the borders of areas free for settling are shown as square sections.

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

6784
© CHIN. All Rights Reserved.


Letter

Letter of the Royal Government of Swabia and Neuburg (Office of the Interior) regarding the recruitment of emigrants to Canada

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

6784
© CHIN. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will:

  • Describe the overall pattern of emigration from Bavarian Swabia to Canada in the 19th century;
  • Describe how Canada encouraged immigration;
  • Reflect on the experiences and decisions of emigrants to Canada in the 19th century.

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