No. 6204 Augsburg, 4. April, 1886

Royal Government of Swabia and Neuburg

Confidential!

Chamber of the Interior

Re: Recruitment of Emigrants for Canada

According to reliable information, two Germans, D.W. Riedle and Adolgh [sic] Christoph, now living in Winnipeg in the Canadian Province of Manitoba, left for Germany at the end of January of this year. The first comes from Würtemberg, the second from Eschborn near Frankfurt on the Main. They intend to recruit emigrants for Canada. Riedle especially will work in the Alsace and the southern part of Baden, while Christoph chose the area around Frankfurt on the Main.

In order to carry out a resolution of the Royal Ministry of State for the Interior of the 30th of this month, No. 3801, you are asked confidentially, to take the necessary steps as outlined in the various resolutions concerning emigration to Brazil, as there is the possibility that this recruitment agitation might be extended to Bavaria.

To -

All District Police Headquarters
of the Administrative Region

No. 6204 Augsburg, 4. April, 1886

Royal Government of Swabia and Neuburg

Confidential!

Chamber of the Interior

Re: Recruitment of Emigrants for Canada

According to reliable information, two Germans, D.W. Riedle and Adolgh [sic] Christoph, now living in Winnipeg in the Canadian Province of Manitoba, left for Germany at the end of January of this year. The first comes from Würtemberg, the second from Eschborn near Frankfurt on the Main. They intend to recruit emigrants for Canada. Riedle especially will work in the Alsace and the southern part of Baden, while Christoph chose the area around Frankfurt on the Main.

In order to carry out a resolution of the Royal Ministry of State for the Interior of the 30th of this month, No. 3801, you are asked confidentially, to take the necessary steps as outlined in the various resolutions concerning emigration to Brazil, as there is the possibility that this recruitment agitation might be extended to Bavaria.

To -

All District Police Headquarters
of the Administrative Region


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Could anyone emigrate?

No.

Why not?

Well, emigration had to be officially authorized. The would-be emigrant had to show a birth certificate, a baptismal certificate, as well as a certificate of good conduct issued by his local parish and the contract for the crossing made with an authorized emigration agent of the relevant authorities (Land court or regional court). Finally he had to present his cash assets. Only then, did he receive his emigration certificate (or not), as well as the coveted passport for abroad.

Could anyone emigrate?

No.

Why not?

Well, emigration had to be officially authorized. The would-be emigrant had to show a birth certificate, a baptismal certificate, as well as a certificate of good conduct issued by his local parish and the contract for the crossing made with an authorized emigration agent of the relevant authorities (Land court or regional court). Finally he had to present his cash assets. Only then, did he receive his emigration certificate (or not), as well as the coveted passport for abroad.


© CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Certificate of baptism

This certificate of baptism was issued by the Catholic priest of the town of Karlskron (Veronika Eier was of Mennonite faith).

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3597
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List of documents

List of documents submitted for the emigration of the families Regier / Schütz, documents issued on April 2, 1850:

a) Travelling papers: Hamburg - Quebec
b) and
c) Certificates of baptisms and births
d) Certificate of monetary assets

Canadian Heritage Information Network, Schulen ans Netz (Schools Online)

3642
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Certificate

Jakobina Ingold's certificate issued on February 18, 1851 The municipality of Karlskron certifies that Jakobina Ingold possesses monetary assets of 125 guilders.

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3439
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Emigration document

Joseph Gascho's emigration document (1851)

Canadian Heritage Information Network, Schulen ans Netz (Schools Online)
Alexander Von Humboldt Schule, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Carl-Freidrich Gauß Schule, Confederation High School, Deutschherren-Gymnasium, German Historical Museum, Gymnasium Isernhagen, Horton High School / Acadia University, Integrierte Gesamtschule Bonn-Beuel

© CHIN. All Rights Reserved.


Annulled passport

This passport was valid for the entire Gascho family. On the left, only the head of the family is described (as: hair: brown, forehead: high, complexion: healthy). On the right, all accompanying family members are named. The name Joseph has been crossed out, since Joseph Gascho junior still has to complete his military service in Bavaria.

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3439
© CHIN. All Rights Reserved.


The average cash assets of the Swabian emigrants amounted to 294 guilders. The individual emigrant had to have more than the person emigrating with his family, that is 325 instead of 256 guilders. For the purpose of comparison, the weekly wages of a male worker, at the time, were 12 guilders, a woman received 6 guilders and an adolescent worked for 3 guilders, which means that the Swabian emigrants were rather more well-to-do than poor people.
The average cash assets of the Swabian emigrants amounted to 294 guilders. The individual emigrant had to have more than the person emigrating with his family, that is 325 instead of 256 guilders. For the purpose of comparison, the weekly wages of a male worker, at the time, were 12 guilders, a woman received 6 guilders and an adolescent worked for 3 guilders, which means that the Swabian emigrants were rather more well-to-do than poor people.

© CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:

  • Recognize that governments of countries of emigrant origin, like Swabia, were not always comfortable with emigration of their citizens;
  • Appreciate some of the challenges faced by emigrants from Germany in the 19th century.

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