New products and techniques now make it possible to maintain and protect the original lining of your house. Generally, this is the most economical, simplest, and aesthetically sound solution.

Hints
Once a year, inspect the condition of the siding and make the necessary repairs to avoid further damage. Insects, moisture, and mushrooms may be the cause of deterioration of the material. Eliminate the cause of the problem before proceeding to repair. Installing gutters will keep water away from the walls.
New products and techniques now make it possible to maintain and protect the original lining of your house. Generally, this is the most economical, simplest, and aesthetically sound solution.

Hints
  • Once a year, inspect the condition of the siding and make the necessary repairs to avoid further damage.
  • Insects, moisture, and mushrooms may be the cause of deterioration of the material. Eliminate the cause of the problem before proceeding to repair.
  • Installing gutters will keep water away from the walls.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Colour photos of old-style sidings

Old-style sidings including: Asbestos shingles, Cedar shingles, Brick, Imitation stone, Rabbet board and Clapboard

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


If the original siding needs to be replaced, choose an identical material or a reproduction of the original.

Hints

Use galvanised nails to avoid rust stains on the siding. The original boards can be reproduced at a sawmill in your area. You could save money by drying the wood yourself and applying the paint or stain. To help you choose a siding that closely matches the original, look for houses in the same style as your own that are still lined with the original material.
If the original siding needs to be replaced, choose an identical material or a reproduction of the original.

Hints

  • Use galvanised nails to avoid rust stains on the siding.
  • The original boards can be reproduced at a sawmill in your area. You could save money by drying the wood yourself and applying the paint or stain.
  • To help you choose a siding that closely matches the original, look for houses in the same style as your own that are still lined with the original material.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Sketch of old-style siding still available

Old-style Siding Models that are Still Available

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Choose your new siding with care to make sure it matches your house style. Select a material that is best adapted to the forms, texture, and dimensions of the traditional siding you want to reproduce.

Other materials like pre-stained wood, vinyl, hardboard, or asbestos-cement siding kits are available on the market. They are adequate alternatives.

Hints
Measure for basic framing around the doors and windows, minimum 3½-4 inches (9-10 cm). These architectural elements will further highlight the new horizontal siding. The new siding should be installed on the same plane as the original, that is to say horizontal in most cases. Diagonal installation of the siding is not recommended because it is not representative of traditional methods. Pastels and bright colours are not recommended as they soon go out of fashion. Dark colours should also be avoided if the house is located in an open space, as the siding will be exposed to the sun and the colour will fade rapidly.
Choose your new siding with care to make sure it matches your house style. Select a material that is best adapted to the forms, texture, and dimensions of the traditional siding you want to reproduce.

Other materials like pre-stained wood, vinyl, hardboard, or asbestos-cement siding kits are available on the market. They are adequate alternatives.

Hints
  • Measure for basic framing around the doors and windows, minimum 3½-4 inches (9-10 cm). These architectural elements will further highlight the new horizontal siding.
  • The new siding should be installed on the same plane as the original, that is to say horizontal in most cases. Diagonal installation of the siding is not recommended because it is not representative of traditional methods.
  • Pastels and bright colours are not recommended as they soon go out of fashion.
  • Dark colours should also be avoided if the house is located in an open space, as the siding will be exposed to the sun and the colour will fade rapidly.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Cedar ShinglesLifespan
60 years or more when properly cared for. Advantages
Highly resistant to rot Well adapted to our harsh, humid climate Resistant to shocks Extremely durable, up to 100 years when properly installed and cared for. Easy to repair Looks great and ages well Insulating material Easy to care for with today’s high-performance products Made from a renewable, low-pollution natural resource Disadvantage
Takes longer to install Vinyl Siding
Lifespan
Up to 40 years, depending on manufacturer Advantages
Easy to install, horizontal only Looks like the traditional boards Inexpensive product, on the short term Disadvantages
Colours fade rapidly when exposed to sunlight Read More
Cedar ShinglesLifespan
  • 60 years or more when properly cared for.
Advantages
  • Highly resistant to rot
  • Well adapted to our harsh, humid climate
  • Resistant to shocks
  • Extremely durable, up to 100 years when properly installed and cared for.
  • Easy to repair
  • Looks great and ages well
  • Insulating material
  • Easy to care for with today’s high-performance products
  • Made from a renewable, low-pollution natural resource
Disadvantage
  • Takes longer to install
Vinyl Siding
Lifespan
  • Up to 40 years, depending on manufacturer
Advantages
  • Easy to install, horizontal only
  • Looks like the traditional boards
  • Inexpensive product, on the short term
Disadvantages
  • Colours fade rapidly when exposed to sunlight
  • Sensitive to high winds
  • Can dilate with extreme temperature changes
  • Can become brittle in cold weather
  • Hard to remove accumulated dirt
  • Made from a non-renewable resource

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Colour photo of cedar shingles

Cedar Shingles

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Colour photo of vinyl siding

Vinyl siding

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Pre-stained wood siding kits
Lifespan
60 years or more, when properly cared for Advantages
Highly resistant to rot Well adapted to cold climates Resistant to shocks Durable, when properly installed and cared for Easy to repair Time-honoured material Easy maintenance with new products Wide range of colours Closely resembles the traditional boards Disadvantage
Large investment, on the short term "Canexel" hardboard, or other brands
Lifespan
15 years for the finish 25 years for the material, can vary depending on manufacturer Advantages
Can be installed horizontally or vertically Resembles the traditional boards Low cost, on the short term Disadvantages
Joints can co Read More
Pre-stained wood siding kits
Lifespan
  • 60 years or more, when properly cared for
Advantages
  • Highly resistant to rot
  • Well adapted to cold climates
  • Resistant to shocks
  • Durable, when properly installed and cared for
  • Easy to repair
  • Time-honoured material
  • Easy maintenance with new products
  • Wide range of colours
  • Closely resembles the traditional boards
Disadvantage
  • Large investment, on the short term
"Canexel" hardboard, or other brands
Lifespan
  • 15 years for the finish
  • 25 years for the material, can vary depending on manufacturer
Advantages
  • Can be installed horizontally or vertically
  • Resembles the traditional boards
  • Low cost, on the short term
Disadvantages
  • Joints can come loose
  • Joints difficult to clean
  • Limited colour choices
  • Shiny finish has the appearance of plastic

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Colour photo of Pre-stained wood siding kits

Pre-stained wood siding kits

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Colour photo of "Canexel" hardboard

"Canexel" hardboard, or other brands

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Aluminium siding / Enamelled steel siding
Lifespan
Up to 40 years, depending on manufacturer Advantages
Easy to install horizontally Does not dilate as much as vinyl Does not fade as much in sunlight Disadvantages
Sensitive to shocks, easily dented Siding-cement panels
Lifespan
50 years or more, depending on manufacturer Advantages
Reproduces the texture and profile of wood boards Available in several profiles Does not dilate as much as other wood imitation products Does not fade in sunlight and resists well to temperature changes Shock resistant Moisture and insect resistant Disadvantages
Finish has the appearance of plastic
Aluminium siding / Enamelled steel siding
Lifespan
  • Up to 40 years, depending on manufacturer
Advantages
  • Easy to install horizontally
  • Does not dilate as much as vinyl
  • Does not fade as much in sunlight
Disadvantages
  • Sensitive to shocks, easily dented
Siding-cement panels
Lifespan
  • 50 years or more, depending on manufacturer
Advantages
  • Reproduces the texture and profile of wood boards
  • Available in several profiles
  • Does not dilate as much as other wood imitation products
  • Does not fade in sunlight and resists well to temperature changes
  • Shock resistant
  • Moisture and insect resistant
Disadvantages
  • Finish has the appearance of plastic

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Colour photo of Aluminium siding

Aluminium siding

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Colour photo of Siding-cement panels

Siding-cement panels

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • describe the evolution of homes in Canada and the architectural influences that have marked them;
  • compare house styles and materials used in the past with those used today, then identify similarities and differences between them;
  • assess the impact of some materials on the environment and the manufacturing (and architectural style) of houses;
  • explain the influence of history (for example: the Conquest, the Confederation) on the architectural style and its evolution.

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