It is often less expensive to restore your old windows than to replace them. The manner in which they are integrated into the façade gives the house its particular style. The following are a few ancient models still in use:

These types of windows can easily be upgraded for better energy efficiency.

Hints
Installing weather strips is an efficient solution, along with draught-proofing and sealing. These options stop air and water infiltration. Removable or permanent storm windows are additional protection against energy loss. They are available for indoor or outdoor installation. They should be made along the same model lines as the original windows. The installation of double-glazed windows within the existing frames is also possible.
It is often less expensive to restore your old windows than to replace them. The manner in which they are integrated into the façade gives the house its particular style. The following are a few ancient models still in use:

These types of windows can easily be upgraded for better energy efficiency.

Hints
  • Installing weather strips is an efficient solution, along with draught-proofing and sealing. These options stop air and water infiltration.
  • Removable or permanent storm windows are additional protection against energy loss. They are available for indoor or outdoor installation. They should be made along the same model lines as the original windows.
  • The installation of double-glazed windows within the existing frames is also possible.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Colour photo of window models that are still in use vertical-sliding, awning and casement

Window models that are still in use: vertical-sliding, awning and casement.

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


If you must replace your old windows, try to find a model that closely resembles the original model.

Hints
Choose identical windows for all sides of the house. Plan for a step-by-step replacement scheme, beginning with those that have the most water damage or infiltration. Respect the symmetry and the original size of the openings. When replacing your windows, it is preferable to use the same material as that of the original windows, generally wood.
If you must replace your old windows, try to find a model that closely resembles the original model.

Hints
  • Choose identical windows for all sides of the house.
  • Plan for a step-by-step replacement scheme, beginning with those that have the most water damage or infiltration.
  • Respect the symmetry and the original size of the openings.
  • When replacing your windows, it is preferable to use the same material as that of the original windows, generally wood.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Sketch of different Window models

If you choose PVC or aluminium windows, try to find a model that matches the originals. The closer you come to matching the originals, the better you preserve the traditional look of your home.

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


The ideal solution consists in preserving or repairing the original decorative elements. Otherwise, it is always possible to make one's own frames and jambs, flower boxes, and shutters.

Frames and jambs
Frames and jambs improve the overall look of the windows. Whenever possible, keep the original framework.

Hints
When replacing windows, the new model should conform to the shape and dimensions of the original The ideal framing dimensions are somewhere between 89 and 100 mm (3½ to 4 in): Shutters
Shutters are an inexpensive decorative item. They are aesthetically pleasing and easy to install.

Hints
The height of the shutters should correspond to the height of the windows. The illustration on the left shows how proper shutters give a balanced look, as opposed to shutters that are too small Each shutter should cover half of the window, as illustrated Read More
The ideal solution consists in preserving or repairing the original decorative elements. Otherwise, it is always possible to make one's own frames and jambs, flower boxes, and shutters.

Frames and jambs
Frames and jambs improve the overall look of the windows. Whenever possible, keep the original framework.

Hints
  • When replacing windows, the new model should conform to the shape and dimensions of the original
  • The ideal framing dimensions are somewhere between 89 and 100 mm (3½ to 4 in):
Shutters
Shutters are an inexpensive decorative item. They are aesthetically pleasing and easy to install.

Hints
  • The height of the shutters should correspond to the height of the windows. The illustration on the left shows how proper shutters give a balanced look, as opposed to shutters that are too small
  • Each shutter should cover half of the window, as illustrated on the left hand side:
Some windows are too wide to accommodate shutters that cover one half of their width. In that case, the width of the shutters needs to be reduced.
  • The vertical or horizontal orientation of the wood can create contrasting effects.
  • Well-chosen colours will highlight the shutters and set them off against the exterior walls of the house.
  • Examples of colour choices Examples of colour choices Examples of colour choices
Hints
  • The width of the flower boxes should correspond to that of the windows.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Colour photos and sketches of framing

Models of windows that conform to the original dimensions and shape

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Sketch of shutter height

Proper shutter height

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Sketch of shutters accomodated to windows

Shutters accomodated to windows

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Colour photo and sketches of shutters

Examples of wood orientation

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Sketch of flower box dimensions

Flower Box Dimensions

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • describe the evolution of homes in Canada and the architectural influences that have marked them;
  • compare house styles and materials used in the past with those used today, then identify similarities and differences between them;
  • assess the impact of some materials on the environment and the manufacturing (and architectural style) of houses;
  • explain the influence of history (for example: the Conquest, the Confederation) on the architectural style and its evolution.

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