The Kingston area was first settled by Europeans in 1673 with the founding of Fort Frontenac, by the French. As it passed from French control in to British control and finally moved to sovereignty in 1867, Kingston continued to expand and thrive. With an ideal location on Lake Ontario to defend against the United States, and as a shipping port, Kingston continued to move forward despite lulls in industry and political prominence.

In this activity you will examine the role of industry and commercial activity on Kingston's development as a city. There are three secctions to this activity that examine different aspect's of Kingston's growth and development.

Part 1: Mapping Kingston's Land Settlement Patterns

Create two maps that show settlement patterns and land use development in the Kingston area during the 19th century. A basic map of Kingston has been provided for for you to download in the digital assets. Use the maps and informational resources to determine where to locate important elements.

Required Elements

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The Kingston area was first settled by Europeans in 1673 with the founding of Fort Frontenac, by the French. As it passed from French control in to British control and finally moved to sovereignty in 1867, Kingston continued to expand and thrive. With an ideal location on Lake Ontario to defend against the United States, and as a shipping port, Kingston continued to move forward despite lulls in industry and political prominence.

In this activity you will examine the role of industry and commercial activity on Kingston's development as a city. There are three secctions to this activity that examine different aspect's of Kingston's growth and development.

Part 1: Mapping Kingston's Land Settlement Patterns

Create two maps that show settlement patterns and land use development in the Kingston area during the 19th century. A basic map of Kingston has been provided for for you to download in the digital assets. Use the maps and informational resources to determine where to locate important elements.

Required Elements

  • Government buildings
  • Industrial or commercial buildings/centres
  • Houses
  • A legend

Part 2: Drawing Connections: Kingston's Interconnected Political, Economical, and Social History

Kingston was incorporated in 1838 and chosen as the capital of Canada in 1843. During this time, spurred on by Kingston's new status, there was a boom in industry and commercial activity in the area. Land settlement patterns changed at this time as well.

Research Kingston's economic, political and commercial status at this time. In a short essay, analyze how the increase in commercial activity and the further development of industry affected population and settlement patterns in the Kingston area. In your answer consider the factors that contributed to the growth of industry and where this industry was focused in terms of type of industry and location.

Part 3: Voicing your Opinion: The Lasting Effects of Kingston's Industrial Past

Due to industry that existed in the Kingston area during the 19th century, there is environmental damage that affects further development in downtown Kingston today. Create an opinion piece about the environmental concerns surrounding sites in downtown Kingston: focus on Frontenac Village, the OHIP building, or another site approved by your teacher.
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Use the following guidelines to aid your research and final work:

Investigational Guidelines

  1. Outline the concern.
  2. Outline the cause of the problem and its historical beginning.
  3. What steps have been taken to remedy the situation?
  4. How has awareness of the environmental impact changed from when the buildings were built and now?
  5. Was enough done to deal with the environmental concerns when the building was built?
  6. Were the developers acting appropriately in disclosing enough information to clients?
  7. Should developers be held responsibly if full information not disclosed to potential clients?
  8. Are/were laws suitably strict?
  9. Who should be held responsible for the ill health effects of people working/living in buildings?
  10. What adverse health affects have been recorded?
  11. How have they been responded to?

© 2007, Cataraqui Archaeological Research Foundation. All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

  1. Learn about the changes in landscape and land use within the Kingston area in the mid-19th century.
  2. Learn about the changes in population both in numbers and ethnicity within the Kingston area in the mid-19th century.
  3. Examine the development of the Kingston landscape from woodlands to agricultural to urban land uses.

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