Range
Black-capped Chickadee is resident from western and central Alaska, southern Yukon, and southern Mackenzie across forested regions of the continent to Newfoundland, south to northwestern California, northeastern Nevada, central Utah, northern New Mexico, northern Kansas, and central Ohio; and south through the Appalachian Mountains to North Carolina and Tennessee.

Status in British Columbia
On the coast, a common resident in the Fraser Lowland of the Georgia Depression; very rare on the Sunshine Coast. Fairly common in the southern Coast and Mountains Ecoprovince, becoming rare on the central and northern mainland of that ecoprovince. Absent from Vancouver Island, the Queen Charlotte Islands, and the Gulf Islands.
In the interior, a common resident in the southern half of the province, including the Southern Interior, Southern Interior Mountains, and Central Interior ecoprovinces; fairly common in the Sub-Boreal Interior, Northern Boreal Mountains, and Boreal Plains ecoprovinces; uncommon in the Taiga Plains Ecoprovince.

Breeding
The Black-capped Chickadee has a widespread bree Read More

Range
Black-capped Chickadee is resident from western and central Alaska, southern Yukon, and southern Mackenzie across forested regions of the continent to Newfoundland, south to northwestern California, northeastern Nevada, central Utah, northern New Mexico, northern Kansas, and central Ohio; and south through the Appalachian Mountains to North Carolina and Tennessee.

Status in British Columbia
On the coast, a common resident in the Fraser Lowland of the Georgia Depression; very rare on the Sunshine Coast. Fairly common in the southern Coast and Mountains Ecoprovince, becoming rare on the central and northern mainland of that ecoprovince. Absent from Vancouver Island, the Queen Charlotte Islands, and the Gulf Islands.
In the interior, a common resident in the southern half of the province, including the Southern Interior, Southern Interior Mountains, and Central Interior ecoprovinces; fairly common in the Sub-Boreal Interior, Northern Boreal Mountains, and Boreal Plains ecoprovinces; uncommon in the Taiga Plains Ecoprovince.

Breeding
The Black-capped Chickadee has a widespread breeding distribution in interior British Columbia. It breeds commonly in the Thompson, Okanagan, and Similkameen river valleys, in the western Columbia River valley north to Revelstoke, in the Rocky Mountain Trench and adjacent valleys north to Brisco and Mount Robson, and into the Central Interior. Breeding populations are less frequently encountered further north.The Black-capped Chickadee is a primary cavity excavator, but will occasionally use old woodpecker or sapsucker cavities for nesting. Nest cavities were most frequently excavated in dead tree trunks, dead or diseased branches, and rotten stumps. Deciduous trees were used 8 times as often as conifers, and dead trees were preferred over living trees. The most frequently used tree species were birches in the interior and red alder on the coast. The Black-capped Chickadee readily used nest boxes placed on trees, poles, fence posts, and buildings. Nests are cups composed mainly of mosses, animal hair, grasses, feathers, bark strips, and human-made materials. Sizes of 105 clutches ranged from 1 to 9 eggs, with a majority having 5 to 7 eggs.

Remarks
Many people are amazed at how the tiny chickadees can survive the severe winters of interior regions. The Blackcapped Chickadee adjusts to colder temperatures by roosting in cavities and by dropping its nighttime temperature as much as 10° to 12°C below its daytime temperature in a regulated hypothermia, thus conserving energy


Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.

Black-capped Chickadee

This young Black-capped Chickadee fledged from its nest box 16 days after hatching (west of Princeton, 7 June 1994; R. Wayne Campbell).

The Royal British Columbia Museum
Canadian Heritage Information Network

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.


Black-capped Chickadee Bird Song

The Royal British Columbia Museum
Canadian Heritage Information Network

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.


Sonogram

Sonogram Black-capped Chickadee Song

The Royal British Columbia Museum
Canadian Heritage Information Network

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.


Tape Number: M6.009(10b)
Recording Remarks: not available
Length: 01:31
Location Description: Hills
Location Name: Off Fairview Rd near Oliver, BC
General Remarks: A sudden influx into Ponderosa up the hillside in the dried needle-soft area so tidy looking beneath the trees. The stark rocks outctropping here. Background: Pileated Woodpecker (sounds like), Ruby Crowned Kinglet
Date: 1965/05/09
Recorder: Grace Bell
Tape Number: M6.009(10b)
Recording Remarks: not available
Length: 01:31
Location Description: Hills
Location Name: Off Fairview Rd near Oliver, BC
General Remarks: A sudden influx into Ponderosa up the hillside in the dried needle-soft area so tidy looking beneath the trees. The stark rocks outctropping here. Background: Pileated Woodpecker (sounds like), Ruby Crowned Kinglet
Date: 1965/05/09
Recorder: Grace Bell

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.

Range
Ruby-crowned Kinglet breeds from northwestern and north-central Alaska, central Yukon, northwestern and southern Mackenzie across the Prairie provinces east to Labrador and Newfoundland; south along the cordillera to southern California and across the north-central United States. Winters from southern British Columbia, Idaho, and southern Ontario south through forested mountains as far as Guatemala and Baja California.

On the coast, uncommon to locally very common during spring migration, uncommon in summer, and uncommon to common in winter in the Georgia Depression Ecoprovince; uncommon migrant and summer visitant on Western Vancouver Island, in the southern and northern Coast and Mountains Ecoprovince; rare in winter in the southern Coast and Mountains; casual in winter on Western Vancouver Island and in the northern Coast and Mountains; very rare in spring and summer and casual in autumn on the Queen Charlotte Islands.

In the interior, fairly common to very common migrant and summer visitant to the Southern Interior, Southern Interior Mountains, Central Interior, and Sub-Boreal Interior ecoprovinces, becoming uncommon in the Read More

Range
Ruby-crowned Kinglet breeds from northwestern and north-central Alaska, central Yukon, northwestern and southern Mackenzie across the Prairie provinces east to Labrador and Newfoundland; south along the cordillera to southern California and across the north-central United States. Winters from southern British Columbia, Idaho, and southern Ontario south through forested mountains as far as Guatemala and Baja California.

On the coast, uncommon to locally very common during spring migration, uncommon in summer, and uncommon to common in winter in the Georgia Depression Ecoprovince; uncommon migrant and summer visitant on Western Vancouver Island, in the southern and northern Coast and Mountains Ecoprovince; rare in winter in the southern Coast and Mountains; casual in winter on Western Vancouver Island and in the northern Coast and Mountains; very rare in spring and summer and casual in autumn on the Queen Charlotte Islands.

In the interior, fairly common to very common migrant and summer visitant to the Southern Interior, Southern Interior Mountains, Central Interior, and Sub-Boreal Interior ecoprovinces, becoming uncommon in the Boreal Plains, Taiga Plains, and Northern Boreal Mountains ecoprovinces. In winter, very rare in the Southern Interior and Southern Interior Mountains.

Breeding
The breeding distribution of the Ruby-crowned Kinglet is not well known, but the species probably breeds throughout its summer range in the province. The highest numbers in summer occur in the Central Interior and Sub-Boreal Interior ecoprovinces. It nests in both old-growth and advanced second-growth forests. Nests were nearly spherical, pendent structures composed primarily of mosses and plant fibres, with lichens, plant down, grass, feathers, and bark strips. Occasionally twigs, rootless, and fur were used. Most nests have been found in coniferous trees. Sizes of clutches ranged from 1 to 9 eggs, with a majority having 4 to 7 eggs.


Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)

The Royal British Columbia Museum
Canadian Heritage Information Network

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.


Ruby-crowned Kinglet Bird Song

The Royal British Columbia Museum
Canadian Heritage Information Network

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.


Sonogram

Sonogram Ruby-crowned Kinglet Bird Song

The Royal British Columbia Museum
Canadian Heritage Information Network

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.


Tape Number: M6.129(50o)
Recording Remarks: 7.5 ips
Length: 01:00
Location Description: not available
Location Name: not available
General Remarks: Bird Evening at the Museum: Tape of 20 Species
Date: 1968/04/25
Recorder: Grace Bell
Tape Number: M6.129(50o)
Recording Remarks: 7.5 ips
Length: 01:00
Location Description: not available
Location Name: not available
General Remarks: Bird Evening at the Museum: Tape of 20 Species
Date: 1968/04/25
Recorder: Grace Bell

Copyright © 2003, Royal British Columbia Museum Corporation (RBCM). All rights reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:

  • Become familiar with the appearance, song, ecology, and taxonomic groupings of Canadian songbird species, with particular reference to British Columbia
  • Understand the importance of field notes in ecology, and be aware of typical information found in such notes

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