Beginning in the year 1800, families from the former Bavarian Palatinate settled in Probfeld. Seven families lived there in 1808, a total of 29 persons (1804). Besides cultivating rye and some wheat, the main crop was potatoes. In 1804, a distillery formed part of the main farm. About 50 years later, within the framework of a mass emigration, 25 persons from Probfeld (parish of Karlskron) alone, emigrated to Canada.
Beginning in the year 1800, families from the former Bavarian Palatinate settled in Probfeld. Seven families lived there in 1808, a total of 29 persons (1804). Besides cultivating rye and some wheat, the main crop was potatoes. In 1804, a distillery formed part of the main farm. About 50 years later, within the framework of a mass emigration, 25 persons from Probfeld (parish of Karlskron) alone, emigrated to Canada.

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The Road to Probfeld

The road to Probfeld

Adalbert Niedenzu
Deutschherren-Gymnasium
1988-12-06
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Emigration

Emigration from the Donaumoos around 1850

Canadian Heritage Information Network, Schulen ans Netz (Schools Online)

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The emigration of the people living in Probfeld occurred in three waves. The first group which left in 1849 consisted of the Schanz family (parental grandparents, parents and all four children) and two children of the Ingold family (married Schanz and Gascho). The farmhand of the Schanz family, Jakob Regier, accompanied them. The second group left in 1850. The sisters of Jakob Regier left for Quebec, a port in Canada, one with her family (married to Schütz with two children), the other was single. The Farm of the Regier family in Probfeld was sold on July 11, 1850. The last group that follows the emigrants to Canada in 1851, comprises the parents and children of the Ingold and Gascho families who had been left behind. Along with them Magdalena Albrecht emigrated.

The emigration of the people living in Probfeld occurred in three waves.

  1. The first group which left in 1849 consisted of the Schanz family (parental grandparents, parents and all four children) and two children of the Ingold family (married Schanz and Gascho). The farmhand of the Schanz family, Jakob Regier, accompanied them.
  2. The second group left in 1850. The sisters of Jakob Regier left for Quebec, a port in Canada, one with her family (married to Schütz with two children), the other was single. The Farm of the Regier family in Probfeld was sold on July 11, 1850.
  3. The last group that follows the emigrants to Canada in 1851, comprises the parents and children of the Ingold and Gascho families who had been left behind. Along with them Magdalena Albrecht emigrated.

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Probfeld

The Village of Probfeld in the Winter Sun

Adalbert Niedenzu
Deutschherren-Gymnasium
1988-12-06
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Josef Gascho Jr., the oldest son of the Gascho family, was supposed to remain behind in order to absolve the Bavarian military service. A medical certificate dated 20. 3. 1851, declares him fit for military service. A further medical certificate dated 31. 3. 1851 did not change things. According to a Court Order Joseph Gascho Jr. was not allowed to emigrate and the already issued passport for the Gascho family was confiscated and the emigrating Gascho family had to leave their oldest son behind in Probfeld.

It is likely that the entire population of the settlement of Probfeld emigrated to Canada. The farm in Probfeld was left behind.
Josef Gascho Jr., the oldest son of the Gascho family, was supposed to remain behind in order to absolve the Bavarian military service. A medical certificate dated 20. 3. 1851, declares him fit for military service. A further medical certificate dated 31. 3. 1851 did not change things. According to a Court Order Joseph Gascho Jr. was not allowed to emigrate and the already issued passport for the Gascho family was confiscated and the emigrating Gascho family had to leave their oldest son behind in Probfeld.

It is likely that the entire population of the settlement of Probfeld emigrated to Canada. The farm in Probfeld was left behind.

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Medical certificate

21-year-old Joseph Gascho is declared fit for military service.

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3439
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Medical certificate

Again, Joseph Gascho is declared fit for military service.

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3439
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Decision of annulment

Underlined passage "and ... to ensure that Joseph Gascho does not emigrate secretly".

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3439
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passport

This passport was valid for the entire Gascho family. On the left, only the head of the family is described (as: hair: brown, forehead: high, complexion: healthy). On the right, all accompanying family members are named. The name Joseph has been crossed out, since Joseph Gascho junior still has to complete his military service in Bavaria.

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3439
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Annulment

Underlined passage "and ... to ensure that Joseph Gascho does not emigrate secretly".

Bavarian State Archives Augsburg BA Neuburg

3439
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The emigrants from Probfeld most likely took the most convenient emigration route. They first went to Donauwörth by coach, and took the train from there in the direction of Bamberg.

1849: One slowly descends the Main and Rhine rivers to Cologne (boat, coach). From there the train takes you to Bremen where the emigrants’ boats are waiting.

1850/51: The new railroad line from Donauwörth to Hamburg via Leipzig is completed. The journey to the port of embarkation within Germany is shortened by more than a week.
The emigrants from Probfeld most likely took the most convenient emigration route. They first went to Donauwörth by coach, and took the train from there in the direction of Bamberg.

1849: One slowly descends the Main and Rhine rivers to Cologne (boat, coach). From there the train takes you to Bremen where the emigrants’ boats are waiting.

1850/51: The new railroad line from Donauwörth to Hamburg via Leipzig is completed. The journey to the port of embarkation within Germany is shortened by more than a week.

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Aside from the famine during the winters towards the end of the forties in the 19th century, and the political and economical uncertainties in 1848-1849 caused by the German revolution, religious reasons seem to be the major motivation for emigrating to Canada from Probfeld. The emigrants from Probfeld were mainly Mennonites.

Aside from the famine during the winters towards the end of the forties in the 19th century, and the political and economical uncertainties in 1848-1849 caused by the German revolution, religious reasons seem to be the major motivation for emigrating to Canada from Probfeld. The emigrants from Probfeld were mainly Mennonites.


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Learning Objectives

The learner will:

  • Recognize the mass emigration of people from villages in Germany in mid 19th century, using Probfeld as an example;
  • Describe a typical emigration route from Donaumoos;
  • List several reasons emigrants might have had for leaving Donaumoos for Canada;
  • Describe some challenges faced by people wishing to emigrate from Bavaria for Canada;
  • Empathize with the situations faced by emigrants who came to Canada from Germany in the mid 19th century.

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