Born in Feodosia, Crimea in 1817. Died in the same city in 1900. Aivazovsky is a renowned Russian artist—a painter of seascapes and author of about six thousand paintings done by memory. “The movement of natural elements cannot be captured by the brush: to paint lightning, a gust of wind, or the splash of a wave from nature is inconceivable,” wrote the artist. The sea in his paintings appears many-sided—now as an unbridled natural element dealing a blow to man, now as a beckoning expanse symbolizing a romantic dream. Aivazovsky studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (1833–1839) and was an artist of the Central Naval Headquarters. He was an honorary member of the Amsterdam, Roman and Paris (1845), Florentine (1876), and Stuttgart (1878) academies. He was the holder of the Legion of Honor and a number of other foreign decorations. He traveled extensively throughout Europe, visited Turkey, Egypt and America (1892–1893) and lived in Italy for many years.

Works

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Born in Feodosia, Crimea in 1817. Died in the same city in 1900. Aivazovsky is a renowned Russian artist—a painter of seascapes and author of about six thousand paintings done by memory. “The movement of natural elements cannot be captured by the brush: to paint lightning, a gust of wind, or the splash of a wave from nature is inconceivable,” wrote the artist. The sea in his paintings appears many-sided—now as an unbridled natural element dealing a blow to man, now as a beckoning expanse symbolizing a romantic dream. Aivazovsky studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (1833–1839) and was an artist of the Central Naval Headquarters. He was an honorary member of the Amsterdam, Roman and Paris (1845), Florentine (1876), and Stuttgart (1878) academies. He was the holder of the Legion of Honor and a number of other foreign decorations. He traveled extensively throughout Europe, visited Turkey, Egypt and America (1892–1893) and lived in Italy for many years.

Works

Neapolitan Bay in Early Morning - 1897, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Irkutsk in 1889. Died in the same city in 1938. Andreyev is of the artists who developed the “Siberian style” in the art of the 1920–1930s. He is the author of landscapes, portraits and thematic paintings. He dedicated his creative work to the Siberian north—Yakutia. He studied in Irkutsk and in Ukraine where he joined the anarchist party in 1908. He returned to Irkutsk in 1915. He had close relations with D.D. Burliuk during his stay in Irkutsk. He occupied himself with both creative work, and public activity. During 1920–1925, he was in charge of the Irkutsk Art Gallery. The artist studied the culture of national minorities and strived to grasp the essence of their character (the Arctic Ocean expedition in 1920, trip along the Lena River in 1921). He was one of the organizers of the Artists’ Society “Novaya Sibir” (The New Siberia) (1926–1932). He established the “Gagat” art artel (co-operative association) in the 1930s. He was subjected to repression in 1937, and died in 1938. Andreyev was rehabilitated posthumously in 1957.

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Born in Irkutsk in 1889. Died in the same city in 1938. Andreyev is of the artists who developed the “Siberian style” in the art of the 1920–1930s. He is the author of landscapes, portraits and thematic paintings. He dedicated his creative work to the Siberian north—Yakutia. He studied in Irkutsk and in Ukraine where he joined the anarchist party in 1908. He returned to Irkutsk in 1915. He had close relations with D.D. Burliuk during his stay in Irkutsk. He occupied himself with both creative work, and public activity. During 1920–1925, he was in charge of the Irkutsk Art Gallery. The artist studied the culture of national minorities and strived to grasp the essence of their character (the Arctic Ocean expedition in 1920, trip along the Lena River in 1921). He was one of the organizers of the Artists’ Society “Novaya Sibir” (The New Siberia) (1926–1932). He established the “Gagat” art artel (co-operative association) in the 1930s. He was subjected to repression in 1937, and died in 1938. Andreyev was rehabilitated posthumously in 1957.

Works
Tomaksite - 1925, oil on canvas, Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the 1906, village of Batalovo, Altai province in 1906. Died in St. Petersburg in 1993. Basmanov was a graphic artist who studied in Altai art studios from 1920 to 1922 and lived and worked in Leningrad (St. Petersburg). His pictorial realism organically combines both the traditions of the Orthodox icon and the reverberations of the post-Suprematist strivings of his day. The artist affirms the timeless world of a “lost” Russia in the “visions” of his Altai childhood as an image of the past and prototype of the future, as an ideal model of the world. “The steppe gave me the horizontal line, the figure in the steppe—the vertical line, and the slopes of the hills—the diagonal line,” said the artist about his works in which the perfect world constructed by him according to the eternal laws of nature is contrasted with the chaos of reality—collectivization, hunger and the repressions of the 1930s.

Works
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Born in the 1906, village of Batalovo, Altai province in 1906. Died in St. Petersburg in 1993. Basmanov was a graphic artist who studied in Altai art studios from 1920 to 1922 and lived and worked in Leningrad (St. Petersburg). His pictorial realism organically combines both the traditions of the Orthodox icon and the reverberations of the post-Suprematist strivings of his day. The artist affirms the timeless world of a “lost” Russia in the “visions” of his Altai childhood as an image of the past and prototype of the future, as an ideal model of the world. “The steppe gave me the horizontal line, the figure in the steppe—the vertical line, and the slopes of the hills—the diagonal line,” said the artist about his works in which the perfect world constructed by him according to the eternal laws of nature is contrasted with the chaos of reality—collectivization, hunger and the repressions of the 1930s.

Works
Strolling in the Steppe - 1933, watercolor on primed paper, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region


© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the village of Pomeranye in the Novgord province in 1824. Died in Paris in 1896. Bogoliubov was a landscape and seascape painter. He served in the Baltic fleet (1841–1850), and studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1850–1853). Upon completion of his studies, he was appointed artist of the Central Marine Headquarters. He fell under the influence of I.K. Aivazovsky. Having two professions, he called himself “a seaman-artist.” From 1872, he lived mainly in Rome and Paris. Bogoliubov’s studio in Paris was the center of the Russian art colony in the 1870s. I.Ye. Repin, V.D. Polenov, I.N. Kramskoy and V.M. Vasnetsov worked there. In 1885, Bogoliubov founded an art museum in Saratov. In Bogoliubov’s work, the perspective and panoramic landscape exists parallel to the chamber landscape of the plein air type.

Works
The Neva Estuary - 1872, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
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Born in the village of Pomeranye in the Novgord province in 1824. Died in Paris in 1896. Bogoliubov was a landscape and seascape painter. He served in the Baltic fleet (1841–1850), and studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1850–1853). Upon completion of his studies, he was appointed artist of the Central Marine Headquarters. He fell under the influence of I.K. Aivazovsky. Having two professions, he called himself “a seaman-artist.” From 1872, he lived mainly in Rome and Paris. Bogoliubov’s studio in Paris was the center of the Russian art colony in the 1870s. I.Ye. Repin, V.D. Polenov, I.N. Kramskoy and V.M. Vasnetsov worked there. In 1885, Bogoliubov founded an art museum in Saratov. In Bogoliubov’s work, the perspective and panoramic landscape exists parallel to the chamber landscape of the plein air type.

Works
The Neva Estuary - 1872, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
The Kremlin Illuminated - 1883, oil on canvas, Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Irkutsk in 1889. Died in Barnaul in 1937. Borisov was born in Irkutsk to a railway worker’s family. He studied in Kharkov, Moscow, and St. Petersburg (with N.K. Roerich, A.A. Rylov and N.P. Khimona at the school of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts). He moved to the Altai territory at the beginning of the 1920s, during the civil war. By that time, he was already an established artist in the sphere of painting, theatrical décor, and revolutionary mass propaganda art. Borisov soon became one of the city’s leading painters, the secretary of the Barnaul branch of the Siberian Artists’ Society “Novaya Sibir,” the director of the Barnaul Art Museum, and a well-known teacher and stage scenery designer.

Works
View of the Elekmonar from a Hill - 1918, oil on canvas, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region
Born in Irkutsk in 1889. Died in Barnaul in 1937. Borisov was born in Irkutsk to a railway worker’s family. He studied in Kharkov, Moscow, and St. Petersburg (with N.K. Roerich, A.A. Rylov and N.P. Khimona at the school of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts). He moved to the Altai territory at the beginning of the 1920s, during the civil war. By that time, he was already an established artist in the sphere of painting, theatrical décor, and revolutionary mass propaganda art. Borisov soon became one of the city’s leading painters, the secretary of the Barnaul branch of the Siberian Artists’ Society “Novaya Sibir,” the director of the Barnaul Art Museum, and a well-known teacher and stage scenery designer.

Works
View of the Elekmonar from a Hill - 1918, oil on canvas, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Saratov in 1870. Died in Tarusa in 1905. Borisov-Musatov studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1890–91; 1893–95), at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (1891–93), and later in Paris under Cormon. Together with M.A. Vrubel, he established Russian Symbolism in painting. His creative work is similar to the works of the French group of Nabis artists. The works of Borisov-Musatov, which tend toward the form of panel so characteristic of Art Nouveau, appear to be parts of the same painting and same idea. Though the scene and characters are recognizable, the portrayed image is far from reality—a dream, a reverie of time gone by, of lost harmony. His paintings on coarse canvas, often without priming, emphasize the vagueness of the silhouettes and diffuse colors. His palette is based on the harmonious musical combinations of blues and greens. After an early tragic death, he left his mark in Russian art and his creative work influenced the artists of the Blue Rose Society.

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Born in Saratov in 1870. Died in Tarusa in 1905. Borisov-Musatov studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1890–91; 1893–95), at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (1891–93), and later in Paris under Cormon. Together with M.A. Vrubel, he established Russian Symbolism in painting. His creative work is similar to the works of the French group of Nabis artists. The works of Borisov-Musatov, which tend toward the form of panel so characteristic of Art Nouveau, appear to be parts of the same painting and same idea. Though the scene and characters are recognizable, the portrayed image is far from reality—a dream, a reverie of time gone by, of lost harmony. His paintings on coarse canvas, often without priming, emphasize the vagueness of the silhouettes and diffuse colors. His palette is based on the harmonious musical combinations of blues and greens. After an early tragic death, he left his mark in Russian art and his creative work influenced the artists of the Blue Rose Society.

Works
Roofs - 1890s, oil on canvas, Samara Art Museum

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born on the farmstead of Semirotovshchina in the Kharkov province (now Ukraine) in 1882. Died in Long Island, USA in 1967. This artist is a member of the well-known Burliuk art dynasty. He was a painter and poet, an art critic, and one of the theoreticians of Russian Futurism. He studied at the Kazan and Odessa art schools, at Aschbe’s school and the Royal Academy in Munich, in Cormon’s studio in Paris, and at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. He was the organizer of numerous exhibitions and the “Gilea” group. He participated in the exhibitions of “The Union of Youth,” “The Jack of Diamonds” and other groups. He was a member of the German “Sturm” and “Blaue Reiter” (Blue Rider) associations of artists. In 1920, he immigrated to Japan via Siberia, and from 1922 lived in the USA. In addition to landscapes, he painted portraits, still life, and allegoric compositions in his own invariable impasto style.

Works
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Born on the farmstead of Semirotovshchina in the Kharkov province (now Ukraine) in 1882. Died in Long Island, USA in 1967. This artist is a member of the well-known Burliuk art dynasty. He was a painter and poet, an art critic, and one of the theoreticians of Russian Futurism. He studied at the Kazan and Odessa art schools, at Aschbe’s school and the Royal Academy in Munich, in Cormon’s studio in Paris, and at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. He was the organizer of numerous exhibitions and the “Gilea” group. He participated in the exhibitions of “The Union of Youth,” “The Jack of Diamonds” and other groups. He was a member of the German “Sturm” and “Blaue Reiter” (Blue Rider) associations of artists. In 1920, he immigrated to Japan via Siberia, and from 1922 lived in the USA. In addition to landscapes, he painted portraits, still life, and allegoric compositions in his own invariable impasto style.

Works
A Village - 1917, oil on canvas, Samara Art Museum

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the Krynki hamlet in the Mogilev province in 1872. Died in Moscow in 1957. This artist studied first at the Kiev School of Graphic Art, and then at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where one of his teachers was V.D. Polenov. Byalynitsky-Birulya painted landscapes almost exclusively, continuing the lyrical line of this genre. He depicted simple, uncomplicated landscapes of the central zone of Russia. Early spring was the artist’s favorite time of year. Young, leafless solitary trees were the recognizable theme of his paintings. In 1904, Byalynitsky-Birulya joined the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions, and in 1922, the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. He was a member of the A.I. Kuindzhi Society.

Works
The Last Asters - 1920, oil on canvas, Smolensk State Museum-Reserve
Born in the Krynki hamlet in the Mogilev province in 1872. Died in Moscow in 1957. This artist studied first at the Kiev School of Graphic Art, and then at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where one of his teachers was V.D. Polenov. Byalynitsky-Birulya painted landscapes almost exclusively, continuing the lyrical line of this genre. He depicted simple, uncomplicated landscapes of the central zone of Russia. Early spring was the artist’s favorite time of year. Young, leafless solitary trees were the recognizable theme of his paintings. In 1904, Byalynitsky-Birulya joined the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions, and in 1922, the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. He was a member of the A.I. Kuindzhi Society.

Works
The Last Asters - 1920, oil on canvas, Smolensk State Museum-Reserve

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Become familiar with some of the best known landscape painters in Canada and Russia (1860-1940)
  • Relate the experiences of landscape painters, their geography, and their era, to the style and elements in their work
  • Compare the life experiences of landscape painters in Russia and Canada working during the period 1860-1940

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