Born in the Zamostye fortress in Lublin province in 1862. Died in Moscow in 1921. As a student of the Warsaw Music Institute and a musician in the Lithuanian regiment of the Russian army, Denisov began to study painting at the age of 30 in Moscow. K.A. Korovin and V.A. Serov became his mentors. Much of Denisov’s work was theater-related: he created symbolic decor for several theatres of St. Petersburg. In addition, he created murals in the church of Ivanovo-Voznesensk. Denisov displayed his easel paintings at exhibitions of various art associations, but he did not join any of them. This artist was one of the most consistent symbolists in Russian painting, and was appreciated and recognized by M.A. Vrubel. Forgotten for a long time, the name of Vasiliy Denisov is only now coming back to art-lovers.

Works
Landscape With Trees - 1914, oil on canvas, Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel
Born in the Zamostye fortress in Lublin province in 1862. Died in Moscow in 1921. As a student of the Warsaw Music Institute and a musician in the Lithuanian regiment of the Russian army, Denisov began to study painting at the age of 30 in Moscow. K.A. Korovin and V.A. Serov became his mentors. Much of Denisov’s work was theater-related: he created symbolic decor for several theatres of St. Petersburg. In addition, he created murals in the church of Ivanovo-Voznesensk. Denisov displayed his easel paintings at exhibitions of various art associations, but he did not join any of them. This artist was one of the most consistent symbolists in Russian painting, and was appreciated and recognized by M.A. Vrubel. Forgotten for a long time, the name of Vasiliy Denisov is only now coming back to art-lovers.

Works
Landscape With Trees - 1914, oil on canvas, Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Tambov province in 1837. Place of death unknown in 1900. From 1874 to 1877, Dobrovolsky studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. He took part in exhibitions of the Academy from 1875, and became a participant of the World Art Exhibition in Paris in 1878. He was predominantly a landscape painter. In 1886, he traveled throughout Siberia. He lived in Irkutsk, creating a number of landscapes of the city and its environs, and displaying his works at city exhibitions. Dobrovolsky was a personal acquaintance of V.P. Sukachev who acquired one of his landscapes for his own art gallery, which became the foundation of the Irkutsk Art Museum. To all appearances, in St. Petersburg, Dobrovolsky introduced V.P. Sukachev to the artist I.Ye. Repin from whom the collector purchased the now famous Beggar-Woman in the second half of the 1880s. This work of art is included in this exhibition.

Works
Crossing of the Angara at Irkutsk - 1886, oil on c Read More
Born in Tambov province in 1837. Place of death unknown in 1900. From 1874 to 1877, Dobrovolsky studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. He took part in exhibitions of the Academy from 1875, and became a participant of the World Art Exhibition in Paris in 1878. He was predominantly a landscape painter. In 1886, he traveled throughout Siberia. He lived in Irkutsk, creating a number of landscapes of the city and its environs, and displaying his works at city exhibitions. Dobrovolsky was a personal acquaintance of V.P. Sukachev who acquired one of his landscapes for his own art gallery, which became the foundation of the Irkutsk Art Museum. To all appearances, in St. Petersburg, Dobrovolsky introduced V.P. Sukachev to the artist I.Ye. Repin from whom the collector purchased the now famous Beggar-Woman in the second half of the 1880s. This work of art is included in this exhibition.

Works
Crossing of the Angara at Irkutsk - 1886, oil on canvas, Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Wenden, Liefland province (now Cesis, Latvia) in 1889. Executed by shooting in 1938. While studying at the Nautical School in Riga, Drevin was arrested for participating in the revolutionary events of 1905–1907. Later, he entered the Riga City Art School. His early works gravitated towards Impressionism. From 1914, he lived in Moscow where he saw the latest in French art in the collection of S.I. Shchukin. Drevin took part in exhibitions, and in 1915–1917 became a member of “The Jack of Diamonds” group. After the revolution, he worked in the newly established Soviet art institutions: he worked at the Fine Arts Department of the People’s Commissariat of Education, he taught at the Higher State Art and Craft Shops and Higher State Art and Craft Institute (Vkhutemas/Vkhutein), and he headed the Museum of Paintings in 1920. The character of his works changed at this time: his paintings became more emotional, and were created with broad dynamic strokes. The end of the 1920s to the beginning of the 1930s was a time of frequent travels to the Urals, Altai, Kazakhstan and Armenia, which the artist undertook with his wife Nadezhda Udaltsova. By the beg Read More
Born in Wenden, Liefland province (now Cesis, Latvia) in 1889. Executed by shooting in 1938. While studying at the Nautical School in Riga, Drevin was arrested for participating in the revolutionary events of 1905–1907. Later, he entered the Riga City Art School. His early works gravitated towards Impressionism. From 1914, he lived in Moscow where he saw the latest in French art in the collection of S.I. Shchukin. Drevin took part in exhibitions, and in 1915–1917 became a member of “The Jack of Diamonds” group. After the revolution, he worked in the newly established Soviet art institutions: he worked at the Fine Arts Department of the People’s Commissariat of Education, he taught at the Higher State Art and Craft Shops and Higher State Art and Craft Institute (Vkhutemas/Vkhutein), and he headed the Museum of Paintings in 1920. The character of his works changed at this time: his paintings became more emotional, and were created with broad dynamic strokes. The end of the 1920s to the beginning of the 1930s was a time of frequent travels to the Urals, Altai, Kazakhstan and Armenia, which the artist undertook with his wife Nadezhda Udaltsova. By the beginning of the 1930s, Drevin’s style had been subjected to sharp criticism. He was removed from his teaching job, and in 1938 was arrested and executed by shooting. Drevin had a strong influence on both his contemporaries, as well as the artists of future generations.

Works
Valley of the Charysh River - 1930, oil on canvas, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region
Gazelles - 1930 - 1931, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
Outskirts - 1931, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Novocherkassk in 1859. Died in Petrograd in 1918. Born a Kazakh, Dubovskoy first studied at the Kiev Military High School, and then, with a scholarship from the Don Army, went to study at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. M.K. Klodt became his teacher there. Dubovskoy left the Academy without completing the course. In 1886, he became a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions, and at the end of the century became one of its most influential leaders. In 1898, he received the title of Academician “for his reputation in the arts." A staunch realist, Dubovskoy painted mainly landscapes, including ones in watercolor.

Works
Homeland - 1905, oil on canvas, Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel
Born in Novocherkassk in 1859. Died in Petrograd in 1918. Born a Kazakh, Dubovskoy first studied at the Kiev Military High School, and then, with a scholarship from the Don Army, went to study at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. M.K. Klodt became his teacher there. Dubovskoy left the Academy without completing the course. In 1886, he became a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions, and at the end of the century became one of its most influential leaders. In 1898, he received the title of Academician “for his reputation in the arts." A staunch realist, Dubovskoy painted mainly landscapes, including ones in watercolor.

Works
Homeland - 1905, oil on canvas, Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Moscow in 1886. Died in the same city in 1958. In 1903–1904, Falk studied at the studios of K.F. Yuon and I.I. Mashkov, and during 1905–1909, at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where K.A. Korovin and V.A. Serov were his teachers. In 1910, Falk became one of the founders of “The Jack of Diamonds” group, and was one of the most consistent supporters of Cezanne among the group’s artists. His unique style lies in his colorful “molding” of forms by applying numerous layers of paint. During different years, Falk belonged to other art groups as well (“World of Art,” Society of Moscow Artists, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia). During 1918–1928, the artist taught at the Higher State Art and Craft Shops/Higher State Art and Craft Institute (Vkhutemas/Vkhutein). In 1928, Falk departed for Paris. The French period (1928–1937) became a very important stage in his creative work: the mature master again began to learn from the old masters, the French artists of the 19th century, and from modern painters. During the Paris period, Falk created many lyrical landscape paintings with sof Read More
Born in Moscow in 1886. Died in the same city in 1958. In 1903–1904, Falk studied at the studios of K.F. Yuon and I.I. Mashkov, and during 1905–1909, at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where K.A. Korovin and V.A. Serov were his teachers. In 1910, Falk became one of the founders of “The Jack of Diamonds” group, and was one of the most consistent supporters of Cezanne among the group’s artists. His unique style lies in his colorful “molding” of forms by applying numerous layers of paint. During different years, Falk belonged to other art groups as well (“World of Art,” Society of Moscow Artists, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia). During 1918–1928, the artist taught at the Higher State Art and Craft Shops/Higher State Art and Craft Institute (Vkhutemas/Vkhutein). In 1928, Falk departed for Paris. The French period (1928–1937) became a very important stage in his creative work: the mature master again began to learn from the old masters, the French artists of the 19th century, and from modern painters. During the Paris period, Falk created many lyrical landscape paintings with soft colors. After returning to Soviet Russia, the artist worked in theatrical painting, and lived practically in isolation.

Works
A Barge - 1911, oil on canvas, Nizhny Novgorod State Museum of Art
Plank Bridges - 1911, oil on cardboard, Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel
Landscape with Swine - 1912, oil on canvas, Smolensk State Museum-Reserve
The Sun, Crimea, Kozi - 1916, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
A Place to Build - 1934, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Samara in 1871. Died in the same city in 1925. Born to a merchant’s family, Golovkin graduated from a commercial college. After that, it is possible that he attended Burov’s painting and graphic art classes. However, he never received a formal artistic education, and remained a self-taught artist. He worked in the traditions of Russian Realism of the second half of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century. At the age of 25, the young merchant and owner of a stationer’s shop initiated the creation of the art department of the Samara City Museum to which he devoted the rest of his life. Golovkin also chronicled Samara exhibitions, and published the book All of Samara. After the 1917 revolution, the artist temporarily left Samara for Irkutsk, where he took part in archeological digs. At the beginning of the 1920s, Golovkin returned to Samara, bringing with him a whole railcar of exhibits for the museum, including archaeological finds. His final years were spent working in the Samara city archives.

Works
Read More
Born in Samara in 1871. Died in the same city in 1925. Born to a merchant’s family, Golovkin graduated from a commercial college. After that, it is possible that he attended Burov’s painting and graphic art classes. However, he never received a formal artistic education, and remained a self-taught artist. He worked in the traditions of Russian Realism of the second half of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century. At the age of 25, the young merchant and owner of a stationer’s shop initiated the creation of the art department of the Samara City Museum to which he devoted the rest of his life. Golovkin also chronicled Samara exhibitions, and published the book All of Samara. After the 1917 revolution, the artist temporarily left Samara for Irkutsk, where he took part in archeological digs. At the beginning of the 1920s, Golovkin returned to Samara, bringing with him a whole railcar of exhibits for the museum, including archaeological finds. His final years were spent working in the Samara city archives.

Works
Crossing at Zhiguli - 1901, oil on canvas, Samara Art Museum

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the village of Nechayevo in the Tula region in 1881. Died in Paris in 1962. Goncharova began her studies in the sculpture department of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, and only began painting in 1905. In 1900, Goncharova met Mikhail Larionov, her future husband and companion, who shared her views on art. Together with him, she drew from the sources of the leading avant-garde art associations, such as “The Jack of Diamonds.” Goncharova and Larionov were the organizers of “The Jack of Diamonds," “The Donkey”s Tail” and “Target” exhibitions. Together they participated in numerous exhibitions in Russia and Europe, including the Munich “Blue Rider” exhibition in 1912. Goncharova was one of the most renowned women artists of the Russian avant-garde. During the 1900s–1910s, she experienced an infatuation with Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Cubism and Futurism, but she expressed herself to the utmost in Primitivism. Graphic folklore, popular literature, bright colors and fluent expression became the source of her inspiration, as seen in the monumental character of her works. In 19 Read More
Born in the village of Nechayevo in the Tula region in 1881. Died in Paris in 1962. Goncharova began her studies in the sculpture department of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, and only began painting in 1905. In 1900, Goncharova met Mikhail Larionov, her future husband and companion, who shared her views on art. Together with him, she drew from the sources of the leading avant-garde art associations, such as “The Jack of Diamonds.” Goncharova and Larionov were the organizers of “The Jack of Diamonds," “The Donkey”s Tail” and “Target” exhibitions. Together they participated in numerous exhibitions in Russia and Europe, including the Munich “Blue Rider” exhibition in 1912. Goncharova was one of the most renowned women artists of the Russian avant-garde. During the 1900s–1910s, she experienced an infatuation with Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Cubism and Futurism, but she expressed herself to the utmost in Primitivism. Graphic folklore, popular literature, bright colors and fluent expression became the source of her inspiration, as seen in the monumental character of her works. In 1915, Diagilev invited Goncharova to Paris to work on the decor for Russian ballet performances and she remained in France for the rest of her life. During the Paris period, she worked hard as a theatrical artist without giving up her painting.

Works
Autumn, A Park - 1909, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
Autumn Landscape, Relaxing in the Forest - 1920s, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Budapest in 1871. Died in Moscow in 1960. After graduating from the law and historical-philology faculty of St. Petersburg University, Grabar studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts under Repin in 1894–1896, and at the Aschbe School in Munich in 1896–1898, where he later became a teacher. From 1903, he lived in Moscow, where he became a member of the “Union of Russian Artists” and a participant in all the exhibitions of that society. As an artist, he began his creative path with Impressionism, but very soon arrived at the method of Divisionism. Landscape is Grabar’s favorite genre. Into it, he often introduced images of ancient Russian or old country estate architecture. He was not only an artist, but also an art critic, restorer of icons and during 1913–1925, director of the State Tretyakov Gallery. It was Grabar who created the museum’s first chronological exhibition. He later headed the Central Restoration Studios that now bear his name. Grabar also wrote two of the most complete histories of Russian art.

Works
Read More
Born in Budapest in 1871. Died in Moscow in 1960. After graduating from the law and historical-philology faculty of St. Petersburg University, Grabar studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts under Repin in 1894–1896, and at the Aschbe School in Munich in 1896–1898, where he later became a teacher. From 1903, he lived in Moscow, where he became a member of the “Union of Russian Artists” and a participant in all the exhibitions of that society. As an artist, he began his creative path with Impressionism, but very soon arrived at the method of Divisionism. Landscape is Grabar’s favorite genre. Into it, he often introduced images of ancient Russian or old country estate architecture. He was not only an artist, but also an art critic, restorer of icons and during 1913–1925, director of the State Tretyakov Gallery. It was Grabar who created the museum’s first chronological exhibition. He later headed the Central Restoration Studios that now bear his name. Grabar also wrote two of the most complete histories of Russian art.

Works
A Moscow Street, Tverskoy Boulevard - 1880s, oil on canvas, Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel
February Azure - 1904, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
March Snow - 1904, oil on canvas, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the village of Ulala, Altai (now Gorno-Altaisk) in 1870. Executed by shooting in 1937. From the age of eight, Gurkin, a native of Altai territory, studied the art of icon painting icon painting. He later built iconostases, and began to paint oils from life. In 1896, Gurkin went to study at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, but he was not accepted there, and instead became a student of I.I. Shishkin whose studio he worked in. By the beginning of the 1900s, Gurkin was already working independently, mainly in Altai territory, and from 1902 began to exhibit his works on a regular basis in academic and traveling exhibitions. During 1902–1912, he traveled extensively throughout Altai territory. In July 1917, he was elected chairman of the Altai Mountain Duma (a council or representative assembly). However, when the regime changed in 1919, he was arrested. In 1926, two exhibitions of Gurkin’s works were held in Moscow. He was arrested several times in the 1930s, and then executed by shooting in 1937. “Altai is not simply mountains, forests, rivers and waterfalls, but also a living spirit… The fogs—its transparent thoughts run in every direction of Read More
Born in the village of Ulala, Altai (now Gorno-Altaisk) in 1870. Executed by shooting in 1937. From the age of eight, Gurkin, a native of Altai territory, studied the art of icon painting icon painting. He later built iconostases, and began to paint oils from life. In 1896, Gurkin went to study at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, but he was not accepted there, and instead became a student of I.I. Shishkin whose studio he worked in. By the beginning of the 1900s, Gurkin was already working independently, mainly in Altai territory, and from 1902 began to exhibit his works on a regular basis in academic and traveling exhibitions. During 1902–1912, he traveled extensively throughout Altai territory. In July 1917, he was elected chairman of the Altai Mountain Duma (a council or representative assembly). However, when the regime changed in 1919, he was arrested. In 1926, two exhibitions of Gurkin’s works were held in Moscow. He was arrested several times in the 1930s, and then executed by shooting in 1937. “Altai is not simply mountains, forests, rivers and waterfalls, but also a living spirit… The fogs—its transparent thoughts run in every direction of the world. The lakes are its eyes that gaze into the Universe. The waterfalls and rivers are its speech and songs about life and the beauty of the Earth and mountains,” wrote Gurkin about Altai territory. In his works, G.I. Gurkin is seen not only as an outstanding landscape painter and follower of the Russian academic art school, but also as one of the first researchers of the ancient culture of the Altai people and other related peoples that populate Gorny Altai, Tuva and Mongolia.

Works
A Nomad Encampment in the Mountains - 1900, oil on canvas, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region
Khan-Altai - 1907, oil on canvas, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region
Lake Karakol - 1909, oil on canvas, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region
Lake of Mountain Spirits - 1910, oil on canvas, State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Become familiar with some of the best known landscape painters in Canada and Russia (1860-1940)
  • Relate the experiences of landscape painters, their geography, and their era, to the style and elements in their work
  • Compare the life experiences of landscape painters in Russia and Canada working during the period 1860-1940

Teachers' Centre Home Page | Find Learning Resources & Lesson Plans