Born in Yekaterinburg in 1875. Died in Moscow in 1945. Turzhansky began to study painting in his native Yekaterinburg, then studied in St. Petersburg for a time, and after that transferred to Moscow. V.A. Serov and K.A. Korovin became his teachers at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. At the start of the 1900s, Turzhansky began to exhibit his works, in which the traditions of Russian realistic landscape painting of the second half of the 19th century were combined with the style of the new generation of Moscow painters. In 1910, the artist became a member of the Union of Russian Artists, and in 1911, a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions. Landscape was Turzhansky’s favorite genre. He often painted scenes of the Ural Mountains, the Moscow suburbs and the western outlying areas of the country, occasionally introducing elements of the animal genre in his landscapes. In the years after the revolution, there was hardly any change in the creative work of Turzhansky.

Works
Spring in the Western Territory - Read More
Born in Yekaterinburg in 1875. Died in Moscow in 1945. Turzhansky began to study painting in his native Yekaterinburg, then studied in St. Petersburg for a time, and after that transferred to Moscow. V.A. Serov and K.A. Korovin became his teachers at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. At the start of the 1900s, Turzhansky began to exhibit his works, in which the traditions of Russian realistic landscape painting of the second half of the 19th century were combined with the style of the new generation of Moscow painters. In 1910, the artist became a member of the Union of Russian Artists, and in 1911, a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions. Landscape was Turzhansky’s favorite genre. He often painted scenes of the Ural Mountains, the Moscow suburbs and the western outlying areas of the country, occasionally introducing elements of the animal genre in his landscapes. In the years after the revolution, there was hardly any change in the creative work of Turzhansky.

Works
Spring in the Western Territory - circa 1910, oil on canvas (previously oil on cardboard). Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev
Summer - 1916, oil on canvas. Samara Art Museum

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Orel in 1886. Died in Moscow in 1961. Udaltsova studied at private studios in Moscow, and also under Le Fauconnier, Metzinger and Dunoyer de Segonzac in Paris. She worked in the studio of V.Ye. Tatlin. Having experienced the influence of Cubism, Udaltsova joined the “Supremus” group of Malevich followers in 1916. During the first years after the revolution, the artist actively participated in the artistic life of Moscow, taught at Free Art Shops and the Higher State Art and Craft Shops, and was a member of the Institute of Art Culture (Inkhuk). She soon left the Institute to protest the rejection of easel art in favor of industrial art. In the 1920s, Udaltsova reverted to the renewed figurative art under the influence of her husband and associate A.D. Drevin. As opposed to ideas of avant-garde expansion, Udaltsova (who belonged to “The Thirteen” group) was primarily motivated by an individual’s outlook on the world, the importance of personal perception, and the intensive “absorption” of the outer world, “condensed” in a painting. In 1929–1933, Udaltsova traveled to Altai territory with her husband A.D. Drevin, an Read More
Born in Orel in 1886. Died in Moscow in 1961. Udaltsova studied at private studios in Moscow, and also under Le Fauconnier, Metzinger and Dunoyer de Segonzac in Paris. She worked in the studio of V.Ye. Tatlin. Having experienced the influence of Cubism, Udaltsova joined the “Supremus” group of Malevich followers in 1916. During the first years after the revolution, the artist actively participated in the artistic life of Moscow, taught at Free Art Shops and the Higher State Art and Craft Shops, and was a member of the Institute of Art Culture (Inkhuk). She soon left the Institute to protest the rejection of easel art in favor of industrial art. In the 1920s, Udaltsova reverted to the renewed figurative art under the influence of her husband and associate A.D. Drevin. As opposed to ideas of avant-garde expansion, Udaltsova (who belonged to “The Thirteen” group) was primarily motivated by an individual’s outlook on the world, the importance of personal perception, and the intensive “absorption” of the outer world, “condensed” in a painting. In 1929–1933, Udaltsova traveled to Altai territory with her husband A.D. Drevin, and in 1933–1935 worked in Armenia. After Drevin’s arrest in 1938 and until her last days, Udaltsova painted mainly still life.

Works
Landscape With Figures, Armenia - 1933, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Gatchina in the St. Peterburg province in 1850. Died in Yalta in 1873. His contemporaries called him “the brilliant youth.” In 1865–1868, Fyodor Vasiliev studied at the School of Graphic Art of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts, and also in the Artists’ Artel under the guidance of I.I. Shishkin. The influence of the Düsseldorf school is apparent in Vasiliev’s earlier works, but he called the School of Barbizon his teachers. By the beginning of the 1870s, he was already a mature master whose works imparted new features to the national realistic landscape. His contemporaries said that he had impregnated the Russian landscape with “poetry in a natural rendition.” However, the artist was destined to live a very short life—only 23 years. To some extent, the foreboding of his own tragic fate was reflected in Vasiliev’s creative legacy. Having contracted tuberculosis in 1871, he moved to the Crimea where he continued to work to the end.

Works
Landscape - 1868, oil on canvas. Omsk Re Read More
Born in Gatchina in the St. Peterburg province in 1850. Died in Yalta in 1873. His contemporaries called him “the brilliant youth.” In 1865–1868, Fyodor Vasiliev studied at the School of Graphic Art of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts, and also in the Artists’ Artel under the guidance of I.I. Shishkin. The influence of the Düsseldorf school is apparent in Vasiliev’s earlier works, but he called the School of Barbizon his teachers. By the beginning of the 1870s, he was already a mature master whose works imparted new features to the national realistic landscape. His contemporaries said that he had impregnated the Russian landscape with “poetry in a natural rendition.” However, the artist was destined to live a very short life—only 23 years. To some extent, the foreboding of his own tragic fate was reflected in Vasiliev’s creative legacy. Having contracted tuberculosis in 1871, he moved to the Crimea where he continued to work to the end.

Works
Landscape - 1868, oil on canvas. Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel
Poplars - 1870, oil on canvas. Smolensk State Museum-Reserve
Before the Storm - 1870, oil on canvas. Nizhny Novgorod State Museum of Art
Volga Lagoons - 1870, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
A Thaw - 1871, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the village of Riabovo in Vyatka province in 1856. Died in Moscow in 1933. Vasnetsov was a painter and a graphic artist. He did not receive a formal artistic education. He studied under his older brother V.M. Vasnetsov, the famous Russian painter. From 1883, he and his brother lived and worked in Abramtsevo where he fell under the influence of V.D. Polenov. In 1898–1899, he traveled across Europe. In addition to epic landscapes of Russian nature, Apollinary Vasnetsov created his own genre of historical landscape reconstruction on the basis of historical and archaeological data. His paintings present a visual picture of medieval Moscow. He was a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions from 1899, and an academician from 1900. He became one of the founders and supervisors of the Union of Russian Artists.

Works
Thaw - 1901. oil on canvas. Samara Art Museum
Born in the village of Riabovo in Vyatka province in 1856. Died in Moscow in 1933. Vasnetsov was a painter and a graphic artist. He did not receive a formal artistic education. He studied under his older brother V.M. Vasnetsov, the famous Russian painter. From 1883, he and his brother lived and worked in Abramtsevo where he fell under the influence of V.D. Polenov. In 1898–1899, he traveled across Europe. In addition to epic landscapes of Russian nature, Apollinary Vasnetsov created his own genre of historical landscape reconstruction on the basis of historical and archaeological data. His paintings present a visual picture of medieval Moscow. He was a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions from 1899, and an academician from 1900. He became one of the founders and supervisors of the Union of Russian Artists.

Works
Thaw - 1901. oil on canvas. Samara Art Museum

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the village of Sofino in the Samara province in 1866. Died in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in 1926. Veltz was an Austrian who adopted Russian citizenship in 1889. He studied at the Academy of Arts under M.K. Klodt. He always specialized in landscape. Upon completing his studies in St. Petersburg in 1892, he went abroad and visited Italy, Germany and Switzerland in 1892–1894. After returning to Russia, he often traveled in the southern provinces of the country. He was a member of the “Petrograd Society of Artists” and the “Kuindzhi Society.”

Works
Kokoz Hamlet in the Crimea - 1890, oil on canvas. Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev
Born in the village of Sofino in the Samara province in 1866. Died in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in 1926. Veltz was an Austrian who adopted Russian citizenship in 1889. He studied at the Academy of Arts under M.K. Klodt. He always specialized in landscape. Upon completing his studies in St. Petersburg in 1892, he went abroad and visited Italy, Germany and Switzerland in 1892–1894. After returning to Russia, he often traveled in the southern provinces of the country. He was a member of the “Petrograd Society of Artists” and the “Kuindzhi Society.”

Works
Kokoz Hamlet in the Crimea - 1890, oil on canvas. Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Cherepovets in 1842. Died near Port Arthur in 1904. After graduating from a naval college, Vereshchagin studied painting in St. Petersburg—at the School Graphic Art of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts and at the Academy of Arts—and then in Paris. He visited numerous European countries, as well as Syria, Palestine (1883–1884), India (1874–1876 and 1882–1883), the Philippines (1901), Cuba, the USA (1902), and Japan (1903). As the official artist of the Russian army, he accompanied the troops during military campaigns to Central Asia in 1867–1868 and 1868–1869, as well as the Balkans in 1877–1878. In 1904, he was sent to the front after the declaration of the Russian-Japanese war. He was killed there during an explosion on the “Petropavlovsk” battleship near Port Arthur. Vereshchagin’s main theme was the condemnation of “the great injustice called war.” However, during his numerous travels, he painted landscapes with architectural monuments, and also portrayed the customs of various peoples. He put on numerous personal exhibitions abroad, including the USA (1888–1891). In 1901, he was Read More
Born in Cherepovets in 1842. Died near Port Arthur in 1904. After graduating from a naval college, Vereshchagin studied painting in St. Petersburg—at the School Graphic Art of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts and at the Academy of Arts—and then in Paris. He visited numerous European countries, as well as Syria, Palestine (1883–1884), India (1874–1876 and 1882–1883), the Philippines (1901), Cuba, the USA (1902), and Japan (1903). As the official artist of the Russian army, he accompanied the troops during military campaigns to Central Asia in 1867–1868 and 1868–1869, as well as the Balkans in 1877–1878. In 1904, he was sent to the front after the declaration of the Russian-Japanese war. He was killed there during an explosion on the “Petropavlovsk” battleship near Port Arthur. Vereshchagin’s main theme was the condemnation of “the great injustice called war.” However, during his numerous travels, he painted landscapes with architectural monuments, and also portrayed the customs of various peoples. He put on numerous personal exhibitions abroad, including the USA (1888–1891). In 1901, he was nominated for the first Nobel Peace Prize.

Works
Medrese Shir Dor in Registan Square in Samarkand - 1869 - 1870, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
Taj Mahal Mausoleum in Agra - 1874 - 1876, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in the village of Bolshiye Soli in Kostroma province in 1869. Died in Riga in 1938. Vinogradov was the son of a country clergyman. He received his artistic education at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. V.D. Polenov had a particularly strong influence on the young painter. Studying under him, Vinogradov was able to find his own theme in landscape—plein air with effects, such as sunset illumination. After his early, predominantly genre paintings, the artist concentrated on Impressionist landscape during the 1900s–1910s. As a Peredvizhnik (a member of the Russian school of realist painters from the second half of the 19th century), Vinogradov took part in the creation of the “Union of Russian Artists” in 1903. It united Russian painters of the beginning of the 20th century and, being based on the achievements of 19th century Russian art in landscape and genre, enriched the country’s painting with a new understanding of color and light that was close to Impressionism. From 1925, the artist lived in Riga where he established his own art school.

Works
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Born in the village of Bolshiye Soli in Kostroma province in 1869. Died in Riga in 1938. Vinogradov was the son of a country clergyman. He received his artistic education at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. V.D. Polenov had a particularly strong influence on the young painter. Studying under him, Vinogradov was able to find his own theme in landscape—plein air with effects, such as sunset illumination. After his early, predominantly genre paintings, the artist concentrated on Impressionist landscape during the 1900s–1910s. As a Peredvizhnik (a member of the Russian school of realist painters from the second half of the 19th century), Vinogradov took part in the creation of the “Union of Russian Artists” in 1903. It united Russian painters of the beginning of the 20th century and, being based on the achievements of 19th century Russian art in landscape and genre, enriched the country’s painting with a new understanding of color and light that was close to Impressionism. From 1925, the artist lived in Riga where he established his own art school.

Works
At a Country Estate in Autumn - 1907, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
A Garden (A Country Estate in June. Peonies in Bloom.) - 1910, paper on cardboard, mixed technique. Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in St. Petersburg in 1844. Died in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in 1920. Volkov studied at the Graphic Art School of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts. He also studied as an auditor (a person permitted to attend university courses without having the formal status of student) at the Academy of Arts. He lived and worked mainly in St. Petersburg and its environs. In 1879, he and Shishkin undertook a trip to the Crimea. In 1888, he traveled to Turkey, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Greece. He also worked on the Volga, in Levitan’s favorite town, Pless. Apart from landscapes, he was also known as an illustrator. He was bestowed the title of Academician and he was a member of the Peredvizhnik Society.

Works
Misty Morning - 1890, oil on canvas. Smolensk State Museum-Reserve
Born in St. Petersburg in 1844. Died in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in 1920. Volkov studied at the Graphic Art School of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts. He also studied as an auditor (a person permitted to attend university courses without having the formal status of student) at the Academy of Arts. He lived and worked mainly in St. Petersburg and its environs. In 1879, he and Shishkin undertook a trip to the Crimea. In 1888, he traveled to Turkey, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Greece. He also worked on the Volga, in Levitan’s favorite town, Pless. Apart from landscapes, he was also known as an illustrator. He was bestowed the title of Academician and he was a member of the Peredvizhnik Society.

Works
Misty Morning - 1890, oil on canvas. Smolensk State Museum-Reserve

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Lublin (?) in 1840. Died in Warsaw in 1898. Vronsky was presumably born in Lublin where he began his artistic education. He was accepted to the Warsaw Art School in 1857. After his active participation in the anti-government uprising in Poland from 1863–1864, Vronsky was exiled to Siberia. At first he lived in the Transbaikal region, and from 1870 in Irkutsk where he opened an art studio. During 1880–1885, he taught graphic art at the Irkutsk Technical School. He filled the orders of the governor-general of Eastern Siberia and private citizens of Irkutsk. He painted Siberian landscapes and worked on decorative paintings. Together with exiled Polish scientists, he took part in expeditions of the Eastern Siberian department of the Imperial Russian Geographic Society. Vronsky displayed his paintings in Irkutsk, and sent them to exhibitions in Warsaw. During the second half of the 1880s, he lived in St. Petersburg, but spent his final years in Warsaw.

Works
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Born in Lublin (?) in 1840. Died in Warsaw in 1898. Vronsky was presumably born in Lublin where he began his artistic education. He was accepted to the Warsaw Art School in 1857. After his active participation in the anti-government uprising in Poland from 1863–1864, Vronsky was exiled to Siberia. At first he lived in the Transbaikal region, and from 1870 in Irkutsk where he opened an art studio. During 1880–1885, he taught graphic art at the Irkutsk Technical School. He filled the orders of the governor-general of Eastern Siberia and private citizens of Irkutsk. He painted Siberian landscapes and worked on decorative paintings. Together with exiled Polish scientists, he took part in expeditions of the Eastern Siberian department of the Imperial Russian Geographic Society. Vronsky displayed his paintings in Irkutsk, and sent them to exhibitions in Warsaw. During the second half of the 1880s, he lived in St. Petersburg, but spent his final years in Warsaw.

Works
Tunká -1876, oil on canvas. Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Omsk in 1856. Died in St. Petersburg in 1910. Vrubel only began studying painting in 1880, after graduating from the law faculty of St. Petersburg University. At the Academy of Arts, he studied under the renowned teacher and graphic artist P.P. Chistyakov. As early as 1884, the young artist was assigned the restoration of ancient frescos in Kiev at the 12th century Kirillov Church. There, Vrubel did other work as well, creating an iconostasis, an icon of the Mother of God, and a mural painting. In Kiev, Vrubel also created sketches of the unfinished painting of the St. Vladimir Cathedral, which was under construction at the time. This influenced the artist’s subsequent style and some of his painting subjects. From 1890, Vrubel lived in Moscow, and was a member of the Abramtsevo Circle. At that time, he turned to the then topical epic motifs in his paintings, and began to work in ceramics. He invented a special baking method that gave clay a metallic luster. Vrubel did the sketches of the theatrical décor and costumes for S. I. Mamontov’s private opera. In the 1890s, Vrubel decorated several Moscow estates, and in 1896, the art pavilion at the Nizhny Novg Read More
Born in Omsk in 1856. Died in St. Petersburg in 1910. Vrubel only began studying painting in 1880, after graduating from the law faculty of St. Petersburg University. At the Academy of Arts, he studied under the renowned teacher and graphic artist P.P. Chistyakov. As early as 1884, the young artist was assigned the restoration of ancient frescos in Kiev at the 12th century Kirillov Church. There, Vrubel did other work as well, creating an iconostasis, an icon of the Mother of God, and a mural painting. In Kiev, Vrubel also created sketches of the unfinished painting of the St. Vladimir Cathedral, which was under construction at the time. This influenced the artist’s subsequent style and some of his painting subjects. From 1890, Vrubel lived in Moscow, and was a member of the Abramtsevo Circle. At that time, he turned to the then topical epic motifs in his paintings, and began to work in ceramics. He invented a special baking method that gave clay a metallic luster. Vrubel did the sketches of the theatrical décor and costumes for S. I. Mamontov’s private opera. In the 1890s, Vrubel decorated several Moscow estates, and in 1896, the art pavilion at the Nizhny Novgorod Industrial Trade Fair. From 1902, the artist suffered from deep depression, but continued to create from life. During some relief from his illness in 1904–1905, he created landscape paintings and graphics, still life and portraits.

Works
Lilac - 1900, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Kherson province (exact place of birth unknown) in 1869. Died in Shcheglovsk, Tomsk province in 1919. At the beginning of the 20th century, the artist left the capital cities and settled in Tomsk. As a music-lover, he introduced into his painting motifs the poetics of Russian romance and folk song, where human destiny is often associated with images of nature. Vuchichevich was an avid traveler, and in his works he portrayed the varied Russian landscapes of the Ural region and Siberia. As an amateur astronomer, the artist created lunar landscapes by observing the moon through a telescope. In 1919, Vuchichevich and his family were brutally killed at a remote squatter’s holding to which he moved from Tomsk in search of peace and solitude. A large part of this master’s creative heritage has been lost.

Works
Pines on a River Bank - 1910, oil on canvas. State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region
Born in Kherson province (exact place of birth unknown) in 1869. Died in Shcheglovsk, Tomsk province in 1919. At the beginning of the 20th century, the artist left the capital cities and settled in Tomsk. As a music-lover, he introduced into his painting motifs the poetics of Russian romance and folk song, where human destiny is often associated with images of nature. Vuchichevich was an avid traveler, and in his works he portrayed the varied Russian landscapes of the Ural region and Siberia. As an amateur astronomer, the artist created lunar landscapes by observing the moon through a telescope. In 1919, Vuchichevich and his family were brutally killed at a remote squatter’s holding to which he moved from Tomsk in search of peace and solitude. A large part of this master’s creative heritage has been lost.

Works
Pines on a River Bank - 1910, oil on canvas. State Art Museum of Altayskiy Region

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Torzhok in the Tver province in 1864. Died in Wiesbaden, Germany in 1941. Yavlensky studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts from 1890 to 1896. There, in the studio of I.Ye. Repin, he met M.V. Veriovkina who became his partner in life. In 1896, Yavlensky went to Munich where he studied at the school of Aschbe. Having made the acquaintance of V.V. Kandinsky, Yavlensky became an active member of the “Blue Rider” Society and “New Munich Art Association.” Prior to World War I, the artist visited his homeland frequently, but in 1914 he settled in Switzerland. In 1921, together with Kandinsky, Lionel Feininger and Paul Klee, he established the Wiesbaden group “The Blue Four.” In 1933, the fascist government of Germany forbade Yavlensky to exhibit his works. Yavlensky’s paintings are always distinguished by a high intensity of color. The artist painted portraits, still life and landscapes, as well as generalized compositions, which he called “meditations.”

Works
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Born in Torzhok in the Tver province in 1864. Died in Wiesbaden, Germany in 1941. Yavlensky studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts from 1890 to 1896. There, in the studio of I.Ye. Repin, he met M.V. Veriovkina who became his partner in life. In 1896, Yavlensky went to Munich where he studied at the school of Aschbe. Having made the acquaintance of V.V. Kandinsky, Yavlensky became an active member of the “Blue Rider” Society and “New Munich Art Association.” Prior to World War I, the artist visited his homeland frequently, but in 1914 he settled in Switzerland. In 1921, together with Kandinsky, Lionel Feininger and Paul Klee, he established the Wiesbaden group “The Blue Four.” In 1933, the fascist government of Germany forbade Yavlensky to exhibit his works. Yavlensky’s paintings are always distinguished by a high intensity of color. The artist painted portraits, still life and landscapes, as well as generalized compositions, which he called “meditations.”

Works
A Mountain - 1905, oil on cardboard. Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M. A. Vrubel

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Moscow in 1875. Died in the same city in 1958. The artist’s entire life is linked with Moscow where he was born, and where he received his artistic education at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In the 1900s, Yuon traveled throughout Europe, exhibiting his works in 1906 at the Autumn Salon in Paris. In 1903, he was one of the founders of the Union of Russian Artists, and was later a member of the “World of Art” group and the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. Though Yuon’s principal genre was lyrical landscape, he also devoted attention to theatrical work and teaching with I.O. Dudin at the art school in Moscow and other artistic educational establishments. Yuon’s favorite locales to paint were Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Sergiyev Posad and Rostov Veliky. Yuon often combined landscape with multi-figure compositions of folk holidays and festivities, but landscape was always his main element in painting. Yuon was not only a painter, but also an art critic. For several years, he headed the Moscow Scientific Research Institute of Fine Art Theory and History.

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Born in Moscow in 1875. Died in the same city in 1958. The artist’s entire life is linked with Moscow where he was born, and where he received his artistic education at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In the 1900s, Yuon traveled throughout Europe, exhibiting his works in 1906 at the Autumn Salon in Paris. In 1903, he was one of the founders of the Union of Russian Artists, and was later a member of the “World of Art” group and the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. Though Yuon’s principal genre was lyrical landscape, he also devoted attention to theatrical work and teaching with I.O. Dudin at the art school in Moscow and other artistic educational establishments. Yuon’s favorite locales to paint were Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Sergiyev Posad and Rostov Veliky. Yuon often combined landscape with multi-figure compositions of folk holidays and festivities, but landscape was always his main element in painting. Yuon was not only a painter, but also an art critic. For several years, he headed the Moscow Scientific Research Institute of Fine Art Theory and History.

Works
Freedom - 1917, oil on canvas. Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born on the farmstead of Yendrikhovtsy, Grodno province in 1875. Died in Prushkov concentration camp, near Warsaw, in 1944. Zhukovsky was a descendant of the Polish nobility. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under V.D. Polenov, V.A. Serov and I.I. Levitan. After graduating from there, he joined the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions and the Union of Russian Artists. Zhukovsky was a successor of Levitan’s Russian lyrical landscape. In the middle of the 1900s, he fell under the influence of Impressionism, which helped him develop his style. Autumn was one of the artist’s favorite themes. His landscapes convey different moods—from the mild sadness of a cloudy gray day to the uplifting feeling of a bright and sunny golden autumn. Zhukovsky found his own theme of creative work—scenery and interiors of old country estates, the “nests of the gentry.” Zhukovsky’s paintings soon gained popularity. Art-lovers admired his talent, believing that he could paint even the wind. Zhukovsky taught at the Moscow school, and also at the 2-year art school he established himself. During 1919–1921, he lived in V Read More
Born on the farmstead of Yendrikhovtsy, Grodno province in 1875. Died in Prushkov concentration camp, near Warsaw, in 1944. Zhukovsky was a descendant of the Polish nobility. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under V.D. Polenov, V.A. Serov and I.I. Levitan. After graduating from there, he joined the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions and the Union of Russian Artists. Zhukovsky was a successor of Levitan’s Russian lyrical landscape. In the middle of the 1900s, he fell under the influence of Impressionism, which helped him develop his style. Autumn was one of the artist’s favorite themes. His landscapes convey different moods—from the mild sadness of a cloudy gray day to the uplifting feeling of a bright and sunny golden autumn. Zhukovsky found his own theme of creative work—scenery and interiors of old country estates, the “nests of the gentry.” Zhukovsky’s paintings soon gained popularity. Art-lovers admired his talent, believing that he could paint even the wind. Zhukovsky taught at the Moscow school, and also at the 2-year art school he established himself. During 1919–1921, he lived in Vyatka, later returned to Moscow, and in 1923 he left for Poland. He died in a camp set up by the Nazis for those who took part in the Warsaw uprising.

Works
Autumn - 1904, oil on canvas. Irkutsk Regional Art Museum named after V. P. Sukachev
An Autumn Evening - 1905, oil on canvas. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
Summer Day - 1913, oil on canvas. Samara Art Museum
Spring - 1913, oil on canvas. Nizhny Novgorod State Museum of Art

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Become familiar with some of the best known landscape painters in Canada and Russia (1860-1940)
  • Relate the experiences of landscape painters, their geography, and their era, to the style and elements in their work
  • Compare the life experiences of landscape painters in Russia and Canada working during the period 1860-1940

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