Born in London, England in 1837. Died in Kingston, Ontario in 1903. Forshaw Day RCA studied architecture in Dublin in 1857 (Royal Dublin Society). He settled in Halifax in 1862, where he taught at the Technological Institute until 1879. In that year, he moved to Kingston, where he taught drawing at the Royal Military College until 1897. Day spent a great deal of time painting in England and Ireland, in addition to Switzerland and various parts of Canada (the Maritimes, Ontario, British Columbia and the Northwest Territories). This prolific painter’s preferred subjects were landscapes and seascapes. Day, who was a member of the Ontario Society of Artists, regularly exhibited his works at the shows of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.

Works
Purcell’s Cove; Spectacle Island - no date. oil on canvas, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia


Born in London, England in 1837. Died in Kingston, Ontario in 1903. Forshaw Day RCA studied architecture in Dublin in 1857 (Royal Dublin Society). He settled in Halifax in 1862, where he taught at the Technological Institute until 1879. In that year, he moved to Kingston, where he taught drawing at the Royal Military College until 1897. Day spent a great deal of time painting in England and Ireland, in addition to Switzerland and various parts of Canada (the Maritimes, Ontario, British Columbia and the Northwest Territories). This prolific painter’s preferred subjects were landscapes and seascapes. Day, who was a member of the Ontario Society of Artists, regularly exhibited his works at the shows of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.

Works
Purcell’s Cove; Spectacle Island - no date. oil on canvas, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia


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Born in Nova Scotia in 1884. Died in the same province in 1961. After studying in New Brunswick, Mabel Killam Day went to New York, where she studied with Robert Henri of the Group of Eight. She then spent several years working in the United States before moving back to Maritimes.

Works
Paddy’s Head - circa 1928, oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia
Born in Nova Scotia in 1884. Died in the same province in 1961. After studying in New Brunswick, Mabel Killam Day went to New York, where she studied with Robert Henri of the Group of Eight. She then spent several years working in the United States before moving back to Maritimes.

Works
Paddy’s Head - circa 1928, oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia

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Born in Stanbridge, Quebec in 1846. Died in Glen Sutton, Quebec in 1888. In 1864, Allan Edson RCA went to London to complete his artistic training. He began to make his mark as early as 1866, when he was noted not only for his talents, but also for his involvement in art associations. He was a founding member of the Society of Canadian Artists in 1867 and showed some of his work in its first exhibition the following year. He was also one of the first members of the Ontario Society of Artists, which was founded 1872. In 1880, Edson was one of the founding members of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Although described by his contemporaries as a modest man, he was from 1870 onward considered one of Canada’s best-known landscape painters. In the early 1880s, he lived in France and also travelled to London in 1886–1887. Several of his works were influenced by the American Hudson River School of Painting.

Works
The Coming Storm, Lake Memphremagog - 1880, oil on canva Read More
Born in Stanbridge, Quebec in 1846. Died in Glen Sutton, Quebec in 1888. In 1864, Allan Edson RCA went to London to complete his artistic training. He began to make his mark as early as 1866, when he was noted not only for his talents, but also for his involvement in art associations. He was a founding member of the Society of Canadian Artists in 1867 and showed some of his work in its first exhibition the following year. He was also one of the first members of the Ontario Society of Artists, which was founded 1872. In 1880, Edson was one of the founding members of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Although described by his contemporaries as a modest man, he was from 1870 onward considered one of Canada’s best-known landscape painters. In the early 1880s, he lived in France and also travelled to London in 1886–1887. Several of his works were influenced by the American Hudson River School of Painting.

Works
The Coming Storm, Lake Memphremagog - 1880, oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec
Untitled - 1883, watercolour and gouache. Musée des beaux-arts de Sherbrooke

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In 1895, Katharine Evans came from Pennsylvania to head the Victoria School of Design in Halifax. Her reputation as an artist, mainly as a watercolourist, ensured a warm welcome for her in Nova Scotia.

Works
Steele’s Pond, Halifax - 1898, watercolour on paper. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia
In 1895, Katharine Evans came from Pennsylvania to head the Victoria School of Design in Halifax. Her reputation as an artist, mainly as a watercolourist, ensured a warm welcome for her in Nova Scotia.

Works
Steele’s Pond, Halifax - 1898, watercolour on paper. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia

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Born in Sainte-Rose, Quebec in 1888. Died in Macamic, Quebec in 1970. Marc-Aurèle Fortin RCA studied the rudiments of painting with Ludger Larose and Edmond Dyonnet from 1904 to 1908, when he left for Edmonton, Alberta, to work in a bank from 1908 to 1910. Before returning to Montréal in 1912, he studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, and made trips to New York and Boston. Fortin exhibited his work in Chicago in 1929, and the following year in Pretoria, South Africa. In 1935, he travelled to the south of France and northern Italy. After that, he exhibited regularly. Fortin, who was well known as a landscape painter, depicted various regions of Quebec with considerable originality by using new techniques. After becoming seriously ill in the late 1950s, he stopped painting.

Works
Elm Tree at Pont-Viau - between 1925 and 1930. oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec
Born in Sainte-Rose, Quebec in 1888. Died in Macamic, Quebec in 1970. Marc-Aurèle Fortin RCA studied the rudiments of painting with Ludger Larose and Edmond Dyonnet from 1904 to 1908, when he left for Edmonton, Alberta, to work in a bank from 1908 to 1910. Before returning to Montréal in 1912, he studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, and made trips to New York and Boston. Fortin exhibited his work in Chicago in 1929, and the following year in Pretoria, South Africa. In 1935, he travelled to the south of France and northern Italy. After that, he exhibited regularly. Fortin, who was well known as a landscape painter, depicted various regions of Quebec with considerable originality by using new techniques. After becoming seriously ill in the late 1950s, he stopped painting.

Works
Elm Tree at Pont-Viau - between 1925 and 1930. oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec

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Born in Montréal, Quebec in 1866. Died in the same city in 1921. Joseph-Charles Franchère RCA studied at the Conseil des arts et manufactures and at the École de l’abbé Chabert in Montréal. He apprenticed in the studio of scenic artist F.X.E. Meloche, before leaving for Paris, where he spent two years at the Julian and Colarossi academies. In 1890, he was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From that time on, he submitted his works to the exhibitions of the Art Association of Montreal and the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, as well as at various world expositions (Chicago in 1893, Buffalo in 1901 and St. Louis in 1904). Franchère taught at the Conseil des arts et manufactures and at the Monument National. He was an academic painter who specialized in depictions of rural life, but he also illustrated books and painted several official portraits.

Works
View of Sillery from the Plains of Abraham Read More
Born in Montréal, Quebec in 1866. Died in the same city in 1921. Joseph-Charles Franchère RCA studied at the Conseil des arts et manufactures and at the École de l’abbé Chabert in Montréal. He apprenticed in the studio of scenic artist F.X.E. Meloche, before leaving for Paris, where he spent two years at the Julian and Colarossi academies. In 1890, he was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From that time on, he submitted his works to the exhibitions of the Art Association of Montreal and the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, as well as at various world expositions (Chicago in 1893, Buffalo in 1901 and St. Louis in 1904). Franchère taught at the Conseil des arts et manufactures and at the Monument National. He was an academic painter who specialized in depictions of rural life, but he also illustrated books and painted several official portraits.

Works
View of Sillery from the Plains of Abraham
- 1895, oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in London, England in 1838. Died in New York, United States in 1898. After leaving England in 1858, J. A. Fraser RCA worked in the studios of Montréal photographer William Notman, where he retouched photographs. He was a member of the Society of Canadian Artists in 1867 and the first vice-president of the Ontario Society of Artists, which was established in 1872. He also taught in his own art school in 1878. His landscapes were highly praised by the critics of the day for their photographic realism. His quick temper was the source of conflict with his colleagues. Fraser left Canada and spent the last 14 years of his life in the United States, in Boston and New York.

Works
Fraser River Line of the CPR - 1886. watercolour on paper. Art Gallery of Hamilton
Born in London, England in 1838. Died in New York, United States in 1898. After leaving England in 1858, J. A. Fraser RCA worked in the studios of Montréal photographer William Notman, where he retouched photographs. He was a member of the Society of Canadian Artists in 1867 and the first vice-president of the Ontario Society of Artists, which was established in 1872. He also taught in his own art school in 1878. His landscapes were highly praised by the critics of the day for their photographic realism. His quick temper was the source of conflict with his colleagues. Fraser left Canada and spent the last 14 years of his life in the United States, in Boston and New York.

Works
Fraser River Line of the CPR - 1886. watercolour on paper. Art Gallery of Hamilton

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Montréal, Quebec in 1881. Died in the same city in 1942. In 1897, Clarence Gagnon RCA studied under William Brymner at the Art Association of Montreal. After winning a number of prizes in 1899, he left for Paris in 1904, where he worked in the studio of painter Jean-Paul Laurens at the Julian Academy. After returning to Quebec, he became an associate member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1910 and a member in 1922. Between 1924 and 1936, Gagnon spent time in Paris and travelled throughout Europe. It was during this period that he illustrated a number of books, including Louis Hémon’s Maria Chapdelaine and Rouquette’s Le grand silence blanc. He returned to Quebec in 1936.

Works
Summer Breeze at Dinard - 1907, oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec
Overlooking the Vallée du Gouffre, Charle Read More
Born in Montréal, Quebec in 1881. Died in the same city in 1942. In 1897, Clarence Gagnon RCA studied under William Brymner at the Art Association of Montreal. After winning a number of prizes in 1899, he left for Paris in 1904, where he worked in the studio of painter Jean-Paul Laurens at the Julian Academy. After returning to Quebec, he became an associate member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1910 and a member in 1922. Between 1924 and 1936, Gagnon spent time in Paris and travelled throughout Europe. It was during this period that he illustrated a number of books, including Louis Hémon’s Maria Chapdelaine and Rouquette’s Le grand silence blanc. He returned to Quebec in 1936.

Works
Summer Breeze at Dinard - 1907, oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec
Overlooking the Vallée du Gouffre, Charlevoix - circa 1915, oil on panel. The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
Evening, Sienna - circa 1918, oil on canvas. Edmonton Art Gallery
Laurentian Village - between 1921 and 1927, oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Become familiar with some of the best known landscape painters in Canada and Russia (1860-1940)
  • Relate the experiences of landscape painters, their geography, and their era, to the style and elements in their work
  • Compare the life experiences of landscape painters in Russia and Canada working during the period 1860-1940

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