Born in Wingham, Ontario in 1860. Died in Toronto, Ontario in 1947. George Reid RCA , who studied from 1878 to 1882 at the Central Ontario School of Art and Design in Toronto, rounded out his studies at the Pennsylvania Academy with Thomas Eakins (1883). He made a number of trips to Europe, during which he visited France, Italy, Spain and Portugal. Reid worked in oil, watercolour and pastel. He brought to his work the precision of the academy and is best known as a genre painter. He was elected a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1889 and became principal of the Central Ontario School of Art and Design (later to become the Ontario College of Art). In 1944, he donated 459 canvasses to the Government of Canada.

Works
Cloud Shadows - circa 1915, oil on canvas. Edmonton Art Gallery
Born in Wingham, Ontario in 1860. Died in Toronto, Ontario in 1947. George Reid RCA , who studied from 1878 to 1882 at the Central Ontario School of Art and Design in Toronto, rounded out his studies at the Pennsylvania Academy with Thomas Eakins (1883). He made a number of trips to Europe, during which he visited France, Italy, Spain and Portugal. Reid worked in oil, watercolour and pastel. He brought to his work the precision of the academy and is best known as a genre painter. He was elected a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1889 and became principal of the Central Ontario School of Art and Design (later to become the Ontario College of Art). In 1944, he donated 459 canvasses to the Government of Canada.

Works
Cloud Shadows - circa 1915, oil on canvas. Edmonton Art Gallery

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Hamilton, Ontario in 1881. Died in Montréal, Quebec in 1956. Albert Henry Robinson RCA, a native Hamiltonian who studied in that city with John S. Gordon, left for Paris in 1903. He continued his training at the Julian Academy with Bouguereau and Bachet, and then with Ferrier at the École des Beaux-Arts. During his time there, he travelled to Normandy and Corsica. After returning to Hamilton, John S. Gordon hired him as an assistant and Robinson exhibited his work for the first time in 1906. In 1910, he met and befriended A.Y. Jackson. Between 1918 and 1933, Robinson travelled along the shores of the St. Lawrence and in the Laurentians, painting many landscapes, which constitute the bulk of his work.

Works
Falling Snow, Les Éboulements - 1926, oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Hamilton
Spring Breakup - 1928, oil on canvas. Edmonton Art Gallery
Born in Hamilton, Ontario in 1881. Died in Montréal, Quebec in 1956. Albert Henry Robinson RCA, a native Hamiltonian who studied in that city with John S. Gordon, left for Paris in 1903. He continued his training at the Julian Academy with Bouguereau and Bachet, and then with Ferrier at the École des Beaux-Arts. During his time there, he travelled to Normandy and Corsica. After returning to Hamilton, John S. Gordon hired him as an assistant and Robinson exhibited his work for the first time in 1906. In 1910, he met and befriended A.Y. Jackson. Between 1918 and 1933, Robinson travelled along the shores of the St. Lawrence and in the Laurentians, painting many landscapes, which constitute the bulk of his work.

Works
Falling Snow, Les Éboulements - 1926, oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Hamilton
Spring Breakup - 1928, oil on canvas. Edmonton Art Gallery

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1868. Died in Citronelle, Alabama, United States in 1947. Henry Mortikar Rosenberg, an engraver and painter of landscapes and seascapes, was born in New Jersey. His early training was in Chicago, after which he studied in Munich, Paris, Florence and finally, Venice. He returned to Chicago, but moved to New York, where he met James E. Roy of Halifax, who encouraged him to discover Nova Scotia. Rosenberg settled in Dartmouth in 1897. From 1907 to 1910, he was the head of the Victoria School of Art and Design in Halifax, and in 1910, he founded the Nova Scotia Museum of Fine Arts (today the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia). His many paintings reflect his attraction to Whistler’s work. In 1934, he retired in Citronelle, Alabama, where he died in 1947.

Works
Woodland Scene - no date, oil on panel. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia
Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1868. Died in Citronelle, Alabama, United States in 1947. Henry Mortikar Rosenberg, an engraver and painter of landscapes and seascapes, was born in New Jersey. His early training was in Chicago, after which he studied in Munich, Paris, Florence and finally, Venice. He returned to Chicago, but moved to New York, where he met James E. Roy of Halifax, who encouraged him to discover Nova Scotia. Rosenberg settled in Dartmouth in 1897. From 1907 to 1910, he was the head of the Victoria School of Art and Design in Halifax, and in 1910, he founded the Nova Scotia Museum of Fine Arts (today the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia). His many paintings reflect his attraction to Whistler’s work. In 1934, he retired in Citronelle, Alabama, where he died in 1947.

Works
Woodland Scene - no date, oil on panel. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Montréal, Quebec in 1896. Died in the same city in 1971. Anne Savage studied at the Art Association of Montreal from 1914 to 1918 with William Brymner and Maurice Cullen. She spent 1920 in Minneapolis, where she studied at the Minneapolis School of Design. After returning to Montréal in 1921, she joined the Beaver Hall Group. The following year, she began a career as a teacher, giving courses at the Commercial and Technical School in Montréal, and at Byng High School, where she taught until 1948. In 1937, she introduced art courses for children at the Art Association of Montreal. She also taught art education at McGill University from 1954 to 1959. During her teaching years, she spent her summers painting. Her innovative and excellent teaching earned her the admiration and recognition of her peers and students throughout her life.

Works
The Plough - 1931-1933, oil on canvas. The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
Born in Montréal, Quebec in 1896. Died in the same city in 1971. Anne Savage studied at the Art Association of Montreal from 1914 to 1918 with William Brymner and Maurice Cullen. She spent 1920 in Minneapolis, where she studied at the Minneapolis School of Design. After returning to Montréal in 1921, she joined the Beaver Hall Group. The following year, she began a career as a teacher, giving courses at the Commercial and Technical School in Montréal, and at Byng High School, where she taught until 1948. In 1937, she introduced art courses for children at the Art Association of Montreal. She also taught art education at McGill University from 1954 to 1959. During her teaching years, she spent her summers painting. Her innovative and excellent teaching earned her the admiration and recognition of her peers and students throughout her life.

Works
The Plough - 1931-1933, oil on canvas. The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1867. Died in the same city in 1954. Edith Smith, who was one of George Harvey’s students at the Victoria School of Art in Halifax, later shared a studio with her younger brother Lewis, with whom she gave private courses. She was a teacher at heart, and taught at the Victoria School of Art and Halifax Ladies’ College. Her teaching emphasized the importance of drawing.

Works
Highland Landscape with Farm - no date, oil on canvas laid down on board. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia
Born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1867. Died in the same city in 1954. Edith Smith, who was one of George Harvey’s students at the Victoria School of Art in Halifax, later shared a studio with her younger brother Lewis, with whom she gave private courses. She was a teacher at heart, and taught at the Victoria School of Art and Halifax Ladies’ College. Her teaching emphasized the importance of drawing.

Works
Highland Landscape with Farm - no date, oil on canvas laid down on board. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1871. Died in Rockingham, Nova Scotia in 1926. Lewis Smith, who was Edith A. Smith’s younger brother, studied at the Victoria School of Art, where he was initially influenced by George Harvey prior to being attracted to Impressionism and other artistic movements. He worked for a time as a commercial artist for the Grip Ltd. advertising agency in Toronto, where he befriended J.E.H. MacDonald. From 1910 to 1912, Lewis Smith was the principal of the Victoria School of Art.

Works
Bedford Basin - 1915, oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia.
Born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1871. Died in Rockingham, Nova Scotia in 1926. Lewis Smith, who was Edith A. Smith’s younger brother, studied at the Victoria School of Art, where he was initially influenced by George Harvey prior to being attracted to Impressionism and other artistic movements. He worked for a time as a commercial artist for the Grip Ltd. advertising agency in Toronto, where he befriended J.E.H. MacDonald. From 1910 to 1912, Lewis Smith was the principal of the Victoria School of Art.

Works
Bedford Basin - 1915, oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Nova Scotia.

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Born in Arthabaska, Quebec in 1869. Died in Daytona Beach, Florida, United States in 1937. Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté RCA began to decorate churches in 1887. His family connections enabled him to meet Wilfrid Laurier, from whom he received many commissions. Between 1891 and 1912, he travelled extensively in Canada, the United States and Europe, particularly in France, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and at the Julian and Colarossi academies. He exhibited works in the Salon of the Société des artistes français from 1894 onward. After returning to Canada in 1912, by which time his reputation was already firmly established, he worked in his studios in Arthabaska and Montréal. Suzor-Coté was influenced by Impressionism. He was particularly interested in the play of light on snow and water, especially during the spring thaw. Although Suzor-Coté is best known to us as a landscape painter, he also painted historical scenes and immortalized great historical events. He suffered from paralysis in 1927, and died 10 years later in Daytona Beach, Florida.

Read More
Born in Arthabaska, Quebec in 1869. Died in Daytona Beach, Florida, United States in 1937. Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté RCA began to decorate churches in 1887. His family connections enabled him to meet Wilfrid Laurier, from whom he received many commissions. Between 1891 and 1912, he travelled extensively in Canada, the United States and Europe, particularly in France, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and at the Julian and Colarossi academies. He exhibited works in the Salon of the Société des artistes français from 1894 onward. After returning to Canada in 1912, by which time his reputation was already firmly established, he worked in his studios in Arthabaska and Montréal. Suzor-Coté was influenced by Impressionism. He was particularly interested in the play of light on snow and water, especially during the spring thaw. Although Suzor-Coté is best known to us as a landscape painter, he also painted historical scenes and immortalized great historical events. He suffered from paralysis in 1927, and died 10 years later in Daytona Beach, Florida.

Works
Untitled - 1895, oil on wood panel, Musée des beaux-arts de Sherbrooke
The Reaper - 1918, oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Hamilton
The End of Winter, Gosselin River - 1918, oil on canvas. Edmonton Art Gallery
Passing Shadows, Nicolet River - 1925, oil on canvas. Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec

© 2003, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Become familiar with some of the best known landscape painters in Canada and Russia (1860-1940)
  • Relate the experiences of landscape painters, their geography, and their era, to the style and elements in their work
  • Compare the life experiences of landscape painters in Russia and Canada working during the period 1860-1940

Teachers' Centre Home Page | Find Learning Resources & Lesson Plans