"Triangle-shaped patterns are used in many communities. When I see a design that I like, I think about how I want to make it on my own kamiks."
Judith Akpalial, Arviat, 1986

Reading the Design

In some cultural groups, designs on the kamiks identify whether the wearer is a man or woman, and the group he or she belongs to.

This selection of kamiks from the Eastern Arctic Ungava culture belonged to a man, woman, girl, and boy. Even though they came from different geographical communities, traditionally the man’s and boy’s kamiks have vertical patterns on the shaft, whereas the woman’s and girl’s have horizontal ones.

haring Patterns and Styles

"Patterns are shared at gatherings - and boots themselves are exchanged as gifts between school friends. In this way, some regional styles have spread across the Arctic."
as told in Inuktitut by Ulayok Kaviok, an Arviat elder, 1985-87

To make a pair of kamiks, the pattern pieces for both feet have to fit on the animal ski Read More
"Triangle-shaped patterns are used in many communities. When I see a design that I like, I think about how I want to make it on my own kamiks."
Judith Akpalial, Arviat, 1986

Reading the Design

In some cultural groups, designs on the kamiks identify whether the wearer is a man or woman, and the group he or she belongs to.

This selection of kamiks from the Eastern Arctic Ungava culture belonged to a man, woman, girl, and boy. Even though they came from different geographical communities, traditionally the man’s and boy’s kamiks have vertical patterns on the shaft, whereas the woman’s and girl’s have horizontal ones.

haring Patterns and Styles

"Patterns are shared at gatherings - and boots themselves are exchanged as gifts between school friends. In this way, some regional styles have spread across the Arctic."
as told in Inuktitut by Ulayok Kaviok, an Arviat elder, 1985-87

To make a pair of kamiks, the pattern pieces for both feet have to fit on the animal skins so that the markings on the skins match. The four pieces in this pattern are the sole, vamp, shaft, and cuff for a winter boot.

©The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Silatik Meeko wearing boots in the design of her family group

Silatik Meeko wearing boots in the design of her family group

Jill Oakes and Rick Riewe.

© Jill Oakes and Rick Riewe.


Ungava Inuit Boot

The women's and girl's kamiks have horizontal patterns on the shaft.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1980 - 1988
Seal skin
P89.120
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Ungava Inuit Boot

The man's and boy's kamiks have vertical patterns on the shaft.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1981
Seal skin
S82.248
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Ulayok Kaviok, Arviat, 1986

Ulayok Kaviok, Arviat, 1986

Jill Oakes and Rick Riewe.

© Jill Oakes and Rick Riewe.


Ungava Inuit Pattern pieces for winter boots

To make a pair of kamiks, the pattern pieces for both feet have to fit on the animal skins so that the markings on the skins match. The four pieces in this pattern are the sole, vamp, shaft, and cuff for a winter boot.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1989
Paper
P89.131
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Boots with intricate design, such as this pair made by Martha Naqitarvik of Arctic Bay, demonstrate superb workmanship. By looking at the boot turned inside out, you can appreciate the complexity of the "Imagination" design.

How is the design done?

"The decorative design is cut out of stiff cardboard and then traced onto the back of the skin. The hair direction of the inset has to match the rest of the skin to look nice. A seam allowance is also added."
Morty Iqqasaq, Arctic Bay, 1995
Boots with intricate design, such as this pair made by Martha Naqitarvik of Arctic Bay, demonstrate superb workmanship. By looking at the boot turned inside out, you can appreciate the complexity of the "Imagination" design.

How is the design done?

"The decorative design is cut out of stiff cardboard and then traced onto the back of the skin. The hair direction of the inset has to match the rest of the skin to look nice. A seam allowance is also added."
Morty Iqqasaq, Arctic Bay, 1995

© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Iglulingmiut Inuit Boots

Boots with intricate design, such as this pair made by Martha Naqitarvik of Arctic Bay, demonstrate superb workmanship.

The Bata Shoe Museum
1987
Seal skin
P87.108
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Iglulingmiut Inuit Boots

Boots with intricate design, such as this pair made by Martha Naqitarvik of Arctic Bay, demonstrate superb workmanship.

The Bata Shoe Museum

Seal skin
P87.108
© The Bata Shoe Museum, 2005. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will :
  • Explain how the environment influenced population (Aboriginal, French and Engilsh) in their culture, lifestyle and economy;
  • Identify the effects that resulted from interaction between Aboriginal peoples and colonizers;
  • Summarize the evolution of the shoes in Canada and involve significant changes to Canada’s development;
  • Analyze the development of Canada through the evolution of shoes.

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