The charm of a traditional roof comes from a multitude of elements and details. Whenever possible, preserve the form of the roof, its original material, and its ornaments.

Hints
If possible, preserve the original material: Respect the symmetry of the dormers and windows: To set off the roof, highlight the cornices: Roof maintenance

Prevention is always better than repairing or replacing. A roof requires particular care because it is always exposed to the elements.
Older roofs require constant care and inspection. Carefully look for traces of moisture under the roof and in the attic. To better detect water infiltration, inspect the roof in rainy weather. Make sure the attic space is well ventilated to keep humidity levels down. Select a ventilation grid that best fits your house style: At least once per year, inspect the chimneys and flues for proper functioning and structural stability. Roofs often start to deter Read More
The charm of a traditional roof comes from a multitude of elements and details. Whenever possible, preserve the form of the roof, its original material, and its ornaments.

Hints
  • If possible, preserve the original material:
  • Respect the symmetry of the dormers and windows:
  • To set off the roof, highlight the cornices:
Roof maintenance

Prevention is always better than repairing or replacing. A roof requires particular care because it is always exposed to the elements.
  • Older roofs require constant care and inspection.
  • Carefully look for traces of moisture under the roof and in the attic. To better detect water infiltration, inspect the roof in rainy weather.
  • Make sure the attic space is well ventilated to keep humidity levels down. Select a ventilation grid that best fits your house style:
  • At least once per year, inspect the chimneys and flues for proper functioning and structural stability. Roofs often start to deteriorate around the chimney.
  • To repair, maintain, or replace traditional sheet-metal roofing, it is recommended that the task be given to expert roofers.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Sketches of ventilation grill models

Ventilation Grill Models

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Few architectural elements have as much value and style as roof ornaments. Even the right choice of wall siding can be of little impact if the roof ornaments are not preserved, restored, or reproduced.

Hints
Preserve the consoles. Highlight the pediments. Preserve the cornices.
Few architectural elements have as much value and style as roof ornaments. Even the right choice of wall siding can be of little impact if the roof ornaments are not preserved, restored, or reproduced.

Hints
  • Preserve the consoles.
  • Highlight the pediments.
  • Preserve the cornices.

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Use of currently available materials

The new materials have many advantages when they do not alter the original look of a house. It is always best to choose a material that closely resembles or is equivalent to the one to be replaced

Hints
Preserve all the detailed work of the roof like the dormer windows, consoles, and pediments. Choose colours that harmonise and integrate with the neighbouring landscape. To adequately install the new materials, seek expertise from your local hardware store or the manufacturer. Choosing the roofing material

If you need to replace the roof, you can choose from many types of materials. It is, however, important to know about traditional roofing materials in order to preserve the original style of the house.

All the materials have advantages and disadvantages. The following is a short list to help you make the right choice:
Read More
Use of currently available materials

The new materials have many advantages when they do not alter the original look of a house. It is always best to choose a material that closely resembles or is equivalent to the one to be replaced

Hints
  • Preserve all the detailed work of the roof like the dormer windows, consoles, and pediments.
  • Choose colours that harmonise and integrate with the neighbouring landscape.
  • To adequately install the new materials, seek expertise from your local hardware store or the manufacturer.
Choosing the roofing material

If you need to replace the roof, you can choose from many types of materials. It is, however, important to know about traditional roofing materials in order to preserve the original style of the house.

All the materials have advantages and disadvantages. The following is a short list to help you make the right choice:

Asphalt shingles
  • Lifespan of 15 to 25 years, depending on shingle thickness
  • Inexpensive
  • Easy care
  • Easy to install
  • The least durable of the materials
Hints
  • Give preference to classic colours in heritage neighbourhoods
  • If you must replace the asphalt shingles, choose sober colours for a better looking roof.
  • Avoid fashionable colours
Metal roofs
  • Lifespan of 25 years or more
  • Easy care depending on the type of metal
  • Fireproof
  • Variable costs
  • Snow slides off
Hints
  • Try to match the profile of the original roof:
  • Give preference to natural colours
Wood shingles
  • Lifespan of 30 years or more
  • Rot resistant
  • Authentic look
  • Relatively inexpensive
  • Expensive to install
Hints
  • Leave the cedar shingles in their natural condition for low maintenance. A cedar shingle roof will take about one year before starting to turn grey.
  • Use "A" class, knot-free, cedar shingles to ensure water-tightness and make sure you follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully.
  • To add style, design a motif when installing:

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Sketches of roofing materials

Differernt Roofing Materials: Asphalt shingles, Sheet metal with rods, Quebec-style sheet metal and Interlocked sheet metal.

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Colour photo of asphalt shingles

Six examples of classic colours

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Colour photo of Traditional interlocked sheet metal

Traditional interlocked sheet metal

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Colour photo of a roof with wooden shingles

Views of a cedar-shingle roof motif

Société d'Histoire du Lac-Saint-Jean

© Société d'histoire du Lac St-Jean, 2004. All Rights Reserved.


Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • describe the evolution of homes in Canada and the architectural influences that have marked them;
  • compare house styles and materials used in the past with those used today, then identify similarities and differences between them;
  • assess the impact of some materials on the environment and the manufacturing (and architectural style) of houses;
  • explain the influence of history (for example: the Conquest, the Confederation) on the architectural style and its evolution.

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