Doll

Fabric doll covered in sewn cloth.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

cloth; wood; leather; animal; sealskin; buckskin; sinew; glass bead
Height: 29cm
68-03325-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Toy

DESCRIPTION: Fabric doll covered in sewn cloth. Leather dress with ornamental fringe bottom and fur band. Fur bands at neck and wrists. Fur-covered leather hat. Beadwork eyes, nose and mouth. Fur trouser (?). Leather moccasins. Green beadwork woollen band on chest.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Western Subarctic; Athabasca

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Northern Athapascan

CULTURE: Athabasca

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Northwest Territories

MATERIAL: cloth; wood; leather; animal; sealskin; buckskin; sinew; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Toy

DESCRIPTION: Fabric doll covered in sewn cloth. Leather dress with ornamental fringe bottom and fur band. Fur bands at neck and wrists. Fur-covered leather hat. Beadwork eyes, nose and mouth. Fur trouser (?). Leather moccasins. Green beadwork woollen band on chest.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Western Subarctic; Athabasca

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Northern Athapascan

CULTURE: Athabasca

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Northwest Territories

MATERIAL: cloth; wood; leather; animal; sealskin; buckskin; sinew; glass bead

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Knife

Knife consisting of iron blade set in whalebone handle, slightly curved at tip.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Animal, Whalebone, Metal, iron
Length: 15.5cm
64-00029-00
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Straight; household

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Knife consisting of iron blade set in whalebone handle, slightly curved at tip.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Inuit

CULTURE: Inuit

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec; Nunavik

END OF PRODUCTION: 1909 P

MATERIAL: animal; whalebone; metal; iron

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; hammered
TYPE OF OBJECT: Straight; household

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Knife consisting of iron blade set in whalebone handle, slightly curved at tip.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Inuit

CULTURE: Inuit

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec; Nunavik

END OF PRODUCTION: 1909 P

MATERIAL: animal; whalebone; metal; iron

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; hammered

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec). All Rights Reserved.

Vest

Closure: six mother-of-pearl buttons. Cotton braided tape buttonholes.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

animal; whalebone; metal; iron
Height: 59cm, Width: 43.5cm
64-00043-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Man’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday; celebration

DESCRIPTION: Closure: six mother-of-pearl buttons. Cotton braided tape buttonholes. Non depilated sealskin front panels with four leather-trimmed cut pockets. Six beadwork floral motifs on front. Back single brown leather panel. Lined in beige serged cotton. Jacket trimmed in brown cotton braid.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Montagnais; Innu

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1920 P

MATERIAL: mother-of-pearl; cotton; glass bead; leather; animal; sealskin; thread; cloth

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem
TYPE OF OBJECT: Man’s

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday; celebration

DESCRIPTION: Closure: six mother-of-pearl buttons. Cotton braided tape buttonholes. Non depilated sealskin front panels with four leather-trimmed cut pockets. Six beadwork floral motifs on front. Back single brown leather panel. Lined in beige serged cotton. Jacket trimmed in brown cotton braid.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Montagnais; Innu

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1920 P

MATERIAL: mother-of-pearl; cotton; glass bead; leather; animal; sealskin; thread; cloth

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: plant; flower; leaf; stem

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Jacket

Smoked moosehide jacket, round collar, long sleeves.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Glass pearls, Animal, Moose skin
Height: 75cm, Width: 50cm
68-03174-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Man’s
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use
DESCRIPTION: Smoked moosehide jacket, round collar, long sleeves. Front closing with smoked moosehide tabs. Long fringes at sleeves, on side seam, shoulders, chest and back. Lighter-coloured narrow moosehide bands, with glass beadwork, around vest opening, wrists and shoulders.
GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic
ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian
CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais
PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec
END DATE: 1910 C
MATERIAL: animal; moosehide; glass bead
METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded
MOTIFS: geometric; double semicircle; triangle; lozenge
TYPE OF OBJECT: Man’s
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use
DESCRIPTION: Smoked moosehide jacket, round collar, long sleeves. Front closing with smoked moosehide tabs. Long fringes at sleeves, on side seam, shoulders, chest and back. Lighter-coloured narrow moosehide bands, with glass beadwork, around vest opening, wrists and shoulders.
GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic
ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian
CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais
PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec
END DATE: 1910 C
MATERIAL: animal; moosehide; glass bead
METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded
MOTIFS: geometric; double semicircle; triangle; lozenge

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Sheath

Native American knife sheath in three parts, two bone and one leather.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Copper, bone, metal, leather, tendon
Width: 7cm, Length: 27cm
69-00298-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


TYPE OF OBJECT: Curved knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Native American knife sheath in three parts, two bones and one leather, with bone sections copper-riveted together and decorated on one side with three engraved caribou, on the other with engraved overlapping circles. Leather portion sewn with sinew.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1900 C

MATERIAL: leather; bone; sinew; metal; copper

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; cut; assembled; engraved

MOTIFS: animal; caribou; geometric; circle
TYPE OF OBJECT: Curved knife

CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Native American knife sheath in three parts, two bones and one leather, with bone sections copper-riveted together and decorated on one side with three engraved caribou, on the other with engraved overlapping circles. Leather portion sewn with sinew.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Innu

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1900 C

MATERIAL: leather; bone; sinew; metal; copper

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; cut; assembled; engraved

MOTIFS: animal; caribou; geometric; circle

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Bag

Rectangular bag, rounded at opening, made from red and black woollen strips sewn with greenish wool.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Wool, Glass pearls, Textiles, Cotton
Width: 12cm, Length: 26cm
83-02239-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Rectangular bag, rounded at opening, made from red and black woollen strips sewn with greenish wool. Opening trimmed in green fabric and decorated with white, blue (various shades), pink and red beads. Base of bag decorated with rows of blue, pink and white beads, as well as a strip of red and green woollen tassels. Green wool carrying strap with red tassel.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: wool; glass bead; cloth; cotton thread

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric
CULTURAL CONTEXT: Everyday use

DESCRIPTION: Rectangular bag, rounded at opening, made from red and black woollen strips sewn with greenish wool. Opening trimmed in green fabric and decorated with white, blue (various shades), pink and red beads. Base of bag decorated with rows of blue, pink and white beads, as well as a strip of red and green woollen tassels. Green wool carrying strap with red tassel.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

CULTURE: Innu; Montagnais

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1850 C

MATERIAL: wool; glass bead; cloth; cotton thread

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; cut; sewn; beaded

MOTIFS: geometric

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Call

Sculpted wooden call in the form of a Canada goose, neck and head made from a single piece of wood assembled to body with four metal nails.

Musée de la Civilisation (Québec)

Metal; Pigment; Wood
Height: 36.4cm Width: 19.6cm Length: 62.8cm
86-01489-000
©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.


CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting

DESCRIPTION: Sculpted wooden call in the form of a Canada goose, neck and head made from a single piece of wood assembled to body with four metal nails.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Cree?

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1950 C

MATERIAL: Metal; Pigment; Wood

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; painted
CULTURAL CONTEXT: hunting

DESCRIPTION: Sculpted wooden call in the form of a Canada goose, neck and head made from a single piece of wood assembled to body with four metal nails.

GEO-CULTURAL AREA: Subarctic

ETHNOLINGUISTIC GROUP: Algonquian

CULTURE: Cree?

PROVINCE OF ORIGIN: Québec

END OF PRODUCTION: 1950 C

MATERIAL: Metal; Pigment; Wood

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE: traditional; carved; painted

©1996 -Musée de la Civilisation (Québec), All Rights Reserved.

Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Identify some traditional and exchange materials and manufacture methods utilized by Canadian Subarctic Peoples
  • Identify some objects made by Canadian Subarctic Peoples using a combination of traditional and exchange materials and their uses
  • Describe how exchange materials have influenced the objects made by Canadian Subarctic Peoples

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