From our hands we make everything. Haida women traditionally do weaving. The trade evolved from necessity into a beautiful work of art. Cedar bark and spruce roots were used for many household and personal items from hats, clothes, baskets, blankets and mats. Cedar bark was even used to make fish lines and fish nets.
From our hands we make everything. Haida women traditionally do weaving. The trade evolved from necessity into a beautiful work of art. Cedar bark and spruce roots were used for many household and personal items from hats, clothes, baskets, blankets and mats. Cedar bark was even used to make fish lines and fish nets.

© 2000, CHIN. All Rights Reserved.

Basket

Close-up view of clamshell collecting basket.

Photo: Canadian Museum of Civilization

© Canadian Museum of Civilization


Rope

Cedar twine rope used as fishing line.

Photo: Royal British Columbia Museum

© Royal British Columbia Museum


animation

Haidas wearing various types of hats.

Old Massett Village Council

© Old Massett Village Council


After the introduction of trade items, metal containers and fabric replaced Haida weavings. Today weavings are produced as pieces of art instead of household items. Weavings, especially spruce root hats are highly prized by Haidas and collectors.
After the introduction of trade items, metal containers and fabric replaced Haida weavings. Today weavings are produced as pieces of art instead of household items. Weavings, especially spruce root hats are highly prized by Haidas and collectors.

© Old Massett Village Council

making of hat

Florence Davidson weaves a spruce root hat.

Photo: Ulli Steltzer
c. 1976
© Ulli Steltzer


Table displays many contemporary baskets and hats at the Haida Gwaii Museum.

Photo: Lucille Bell
c. 1997
© Lucille Bell


Learning Objectives

The learner will:
  • Describe traditional Haida weaving
  • Explain how trade affected Haida weaving traditions
  • Develop aesthetic appreciation for three dimensional objects of art

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