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How to Make Métis Hooked Rugs

There are six steps in making a hooked rug. These are:

  1. Preparing Materials
  2. Building a Frame
  3. Preparing a Work Surface
  4. Cutting and Tracing the Pattern
  5. Hooking the Rug
  6. Putting on the Backing and Finishing Touches
  1. Preparing Materials
    • Use two-by-two inch pieces of wood for the frame
    • Make the frame slightly bigger than the rug
    • Use nails to attach the frame
    • Use burlap or jute for the frame’s backing
    • Use corduroy or denim to reinforce the frame’s border
    • Use quilting or upholstery thread to stitch the border
    • Use sealed wax to bind the border to the burlap/jute backing
    • Use wool or string to lace the burlap border to the frame
    • Use various big-eyed needles and a thimble for the lacing process
    • Use paper to make the pattern
    • Use paper scissors to cut out the pattern
    • Use small or large straight pins to pin down the pattern
    • Use sharp scissors to cut all fabric
    • Use a rug-hooking tool to begin the rug-hooking process
    • Rug-hooking tools can be found at craft or carpet stores, or can be made from a cork and a nail
    • Use various colours of cotton t-shirts for materials
    • Cut the seams out of the t-shirts, and then cut the material into thumb width strips
    • The strips can be rolled into balls for easy storage
  2. Building a Frame
    • Make an adjustable frame by drilling holes in the wood
    • Use a nut and a bolt to adjust the frame’s size
    • If the frame is to be used only once, nail it together
  3. Preparing a Work Surface
    • Choose either burlap or jute (which is finer grained)
    • Then cut the material so it is slightly larger than the frame
    • Use other material, such as corduroy or denim, to make a border
    • Sew the border all around its perimeter
    • Use a big-eyed needle and with wool attach the material to the frame
    • Start at a corner and then lace up the wool along the sides or the frame, about four centimetres apart
    • Make sure that the wool is held as tight as a drum
  4. Cutting and Tracing the Pattern
    • Make a design on paper
    • Then pin the design to the burlap/jute and trace it
    • Try not to make the design too crowded or too small, because the material’s loop has to show
    • Before tracing, be sure to measure design’s length and width
    • Try to leave six centimetres for the border
    • This will allow for the design to be placed better on the rug
  5. Hooking the Rug
    • Use the rug hooking tool pull the material up through the burlap/jute
    • Make a small loop with the material
    • Push in and pull the material up again
    • Try to get close to the first loop
    • Continue along the outline
    • After the outline is complete, fill in the design
    • Then complete the background and your border
  6. Putting on the Backing and Finishing Touches
    • Tuck and then put an extra border under the rug
    • Put on your corduroy or denim border
    • Lay the material flat on the rug and pin it to all areas so that it is firmly attached
    • The corners are tricky because they can be a little bulky
    • Fold any extra material over and roll it in, using large pins to hold it

Materials needed to make a hooked rug include a hammer, nails, wood glue, nuts, bolts, a pair of pliers, wood, measuring tape, burlap or jute, quilting or upholstery thread, sealed wax, a lighter, paper, paper scissors, upholstery or fabric scissors, a rug-hooking tool, old cotton t-shirts and straight and large pins.


Aen kroshay aen tapee avec mi gineey: Métis Hooked Rugs. (Video) Gabriel Dumont Institute: Saskatoon, 2002.

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