On Canadian Ground - Stories of Footwear in Early Canada See more of the Virtual Museum of Canada
ExhibitionMemorable Shoes

KAMIKS OF THE INUIT
HUNTING SEAL & CARIBOU
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING OF SEAL SKIN & CARIBOU SKIN
PROTECTIVE LAYERS OF FOOTWEAR
MAKING KAMIKS
PATTERNS & STYLES
DECORATING KAMIKS
SEWING & DECORATING TECHNIQUES
MOCCASINS OF THE FIRST NATIONS
CHANGING STYLES - THE ROLE OF TRADE & VOYAGEURS
SHOES FOR A NEW LAND
SHOES MADE IN THE AGE OF THE CRAFTSMAN
CANADIAN FOOTWEAR IN THE AGE OF THE MACHINE
Four sealskin kamik layers
Four sealskin kamik layers
Protective Layers of Footwear

The Inuit wear from two to five layers of footwear depending on the temperature, ground conditions, and activities they perform.

"I add more layers of inner and outer stockings, slippers, and boots until my feet are warm enough for whatever I am doing. I use more layers if I’m going ice fishing and fewer layers for inside."
Elva Pigalak, Coppermine, 1986

Here are four possible layers of footwear in the order that they are put on - inner slipper, outer stocking, boot, over slipper.

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Baffinland Inuit boots
Baffinland Inuit boots
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