On Canadian Ground - Stories of Footwear in Early Canada See more of the Virtual Museum of Canada
ExhibitionMemorable Shoes

KAMIKS OF THE INUIT
HUNTING SEAL & CARIBOU
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING OF SEAL SKIN & CARIBOU SKIN
PROTECTIVE LAYERS OF FOOTWEAR
MAKING KAMIKS
PATTERNS & STYLES
DECORATING KAMIKS
SEWING & DECORATING TECHNIQUES
MOCCASINS OF THE FIRST NATIONS
CHANGING STYLES - THE ROLE OF TRADE & VOYAGEURS
SHOES FOR A NEW LAND
SHOES MADE IN THE AGE OF THE CRAFTSMAN
CANADIAN FOOTWEAR IN THE AGE OF THE MACHINE
Elisapee Alooloo
Elisapee Alooloo
Sewing and Decorating Techniques

The bird bone needle, seal skin thimble, steel needles, bearded seal sinew, and loon skin bag for holding sinew are traditional sewing tools.

"Ivalu [sewing thread] is made from sinew from caribou, narwhal, and other animals, including birds."
Elisapee Alooloo, Arctic Bay, 1984

"The oils in the feathers help keep the sinew moist and ready for use. That is why we make these bags inside out."
Silatik Meeko, Sanikiluaq, 1989

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Loon skin bag with sinew Steel needles
Loon skin bag with sinew Steel needles
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