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Appendix: Who Was Emily Carr?

The work of Emily Carr and the circumstances in which it was achieved are unique in Canada. Here was a creative artist painting and sketching throughout most of her life among a people who not only failed to encourage her in her work but who opposed it. For fifteen of her most vigorous years she ran a rooming house and bred and sold hundreds of English sheep dogs in order to earn a living. Fifty people attended her funeral and her physician remarked sadly—"If Victoria knew her value there would have been five thousand people present to-day."

Lawren Harris, "The Paintings and Drawings of Emily Carr" in Emily Carr: Her Paintings and Sketches. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1947, p. 20.

Emily Carr was born in Victoria on Vancouver Island 13 December 1871, died there 2 March 1945, and lived most of her life within a few blocks of the house where she was born. In her lifetime she traveled by rail back and forth across the broad reach of Canada twice on her way to Europe, and three times more to its eastern centres, so that she had some passing experience of the vast dimensions of space, the great gaps between clusters of habitation, the geographical richness and variety which were insistent characteristics of her natal country. Although she could not have grasped the extent of uninhabited northern wilderness, never having the opportunity to observe it from the air, her travels in her own province in search of native Indian material ensured that she was not lacking in the experience of the hinterland.

Doris Shadbolt, Emily Carr. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1990, p. 10.