Land of the Spirits
Virtual Museum of Canada
life along the bonnecheretimelineinteractive archaeological digcollectionsteaching resources


Illustration of caribou hunters



9500 to 8000 BCE: Palaeo-Indian Period

Small groups of Palaeo-Indian hunters spread northward into the southern Great Lakes basin, colonizing land recently released from the waning ice sheet. These earliest inhabitants followed a semi-nomadic round of activities, travelling long distances from one seasonal campsite to another.

Although no Early Palaeo-Indian sites are known in the Little Bonnechere area, a small site recently discovered in the Madawaska Valley near Barry's Bay, is presently interpreted as Late Palaeo-Indian. Located just west of Round Lake, this find suggests that aboriginal people may have arrived in the area 10 500 years ago.

BCE: Before Common Era

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