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Habitats - Environment - Saguenay : An exceptional fjord!

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Musée du Fjord

Climate | Ice | Water circulation

Four seasons, four faces

Leaving an indelible mark in the rythm of life of its population, the many charms of the Saguenay are increased tenfold with the four seasons. Summer: vacations, the beach, going fishing, adventure. Fall : the colors, plaisant encounters, hunting, indian summer. Winter: snow in abundance, the healthy cold, the warmth of home, the winter sports euphoria. Spring: rebirth, the breaking up of the ice, mild temperatures, the leaves opening up.

The climate : According to the De Keoppen climactic classification system, the Saguenay has a cool and humid climate. This cold temperate climate is distinguished by the absence of a dry season. The warmest month maintains an average under 22°C and an average of over 10°C for only 4 months in the year. In extremes, the variations recorded go from a minimum -45°C to a maximum of 38°C.

Spring picture

Springtime : It's usually around the end of March and in April, with the snow's melting and the breaking of the ice on rivers and lakes, that spring manifests itself with a noticeable increase of the temperatures which can reach daily averages of 10°C to 20°C.

Summer picture

Summertime : June, July and August are all very pleasant months as regards to the climate, with daily temperatures around 20°C and 30°C and generally fresh nights. September, while still very pleasant, is just a little cooler.

Automn picture

Fall : From mid-September to the end of October, the temperatures drop, the leaves change color and fall, then the first frosts arrive. Soon afterward, the Indian summer arrives with a few days of warm temperatures, it is considered to be one of the most beautiful period of the year.

Winter : Snow often appears in mid-November, but its at the end of December and beginning of January that lakes and rivers freeze over, thus rendering the exceptional seasonal picture of winter. An average of around 250 to 280 cm of snow usually falls on the Saguenay Lac Saint-Jean region, although some sectors receive much more. The average lowest temperatures are recorded in January (-15°C to -17°C ).

Winter picture

Sun and rainfall : The sun shines over the Saguenay about 1600 hours per year, which is about 40% of the total possible time. Precipitions, far from being very important , a third is mainly distributed from December to May , and the rest from June to November . With pluviometric averages below 80 cm per year, the region has less precipitations than Quebec City, with its 90 cm or Montreal with 92 cm. But one must not believe that these figures are equally spread throughout the whole Saguenay region because great differences are noted from one place to another, they are less important when further from the Lac Saint-Jean, because the lake has a great influence as far as the level of precipitations is concerned.

© Copyright Musée du Fjord 2002.