Grade levels: 8-10

Lesson Objective: The Learner Will Be Able To:
  1. Identify what is meant by “a nomadic lifestyle”.
  2. Describe the basic ideas of the nomadic lifestyle of the people around Mount Logan.
  3. Explain how strategies such as the use of caches enabled the people to live nomadically.

Materials
:
  • Computers with internet access
  • Reference materials (as per previous lessons)
  • Pens, pencils, paper
  • Large wall map of the Mount Logan area

Lesson Process:

1. Students use the website to read and complete section four of the note-taking sheet for twenty minutes.

2. Ten minutes of research on nomadic lifestyles, travel and trade either among the Southern Tutchone or other First Nations.

3. Class discussion (10 minutes):

a.Share results of research. What did students learn about nomadic lifestyles, travel and trade among First Nations?

b.Ask students why people lived/live a nomadic lifestyle. Probe for ideas such as food supply, variety of diet, trade, etc. Build up the idea that the Southern Tutchone speakers used the strategy of a nomadic lifestyle to thrive in a land which has a very short spring/summer/fall and a long a cold winter. People had to move to different areas in order to have diversity in their diet and not to deplete the resources of any one area. Also emphasize that a nomadic lifestyle does not mean aimless wandering, but a systematic route of seasonal homes, where a predictable food source such as a salmon run can provide the necessities of life.

c.Discuss the system of building caches. How did this innovation affect a nomadic lifestyle? What did it allow people to do? How did it make a nomadic lifestyle possible? Emphasize that people in the Yukon today still use caches to store food and tools, especially near cabins or camps on the land where protection from bears and rodents is important.

4. Students work in small groups to design a map of an imaginary territory in which they and their family group will live a nomadic lifestyle. They must think carefully of what to include. Will there be a good salmon stream for a summer or fall run? What about hunting – will there be mountainous territory for sheep? Forests, lakes and marshland for moose? What about ice fishing and trapping in the winter? Will they have lakes and rivers for winter fish and land for trapping? Berries? Woodlands and meadows for rabbits? Where will they build caches? What will they store there? Where will their seasonal homes be? Is there a fresh water source at each home? Finish for homework or take another full class period.