Grade levels: 8-10

Lesson Objective: The Learner Will Be Able To:
  1. Identify what happened and what kinds of food were harvested during different seasons.
  2. Describe the important factors of temporary seasonal housing construction.
  3. Create their own seasonal home.
Materials:
  • Computers with internet access
  • Reference materials (as per previous lessons)
  • Pens, pencils, paper
  • Electric oscillating fan
  • Common watering can and a lot of water
  • Sheets of cardboard (30cm x 30cm)
  • Access to a suitable area for foraging materials for housing construction (branches, long grasses, etc.) If you don’t have access to a natural area such as a patch of woods or open land, prepare a section of your schoolyard with a wide variety of materials for foraging.
Lesson Process:
1.Students use the website to read and complete section five of the note-taking sheet for twenty minutes.

2.Ten minutes of research on Food and Shelter either among the Southern Tutchone or other First Nations.

3.Class discussion (10 minutes):

a.Share results of research. What did students learn about food and shelter among First Nations?

b.Brainstorm a list of the important elements for housing construction during different seasons. Record results of brainstorm on the board.


4.Students work in small groups to build a mini shelter for the fall in the traditional lands of the Southern Tutchone. Remember, this is a time of wind and rainstorms, low temperatures, and frosty nights. Students may go outside to a designated area to forage for materials. They will need to test the materials to determine which ones have the most desirable attributes for their shelter. You may wish to give them the rest of the class period, or to extend the project to a second class period.

5.When the projects are finished or the time limit has elapsed, it is time for a fall storm in the Yukon! Start by turning the oscillating fan on to high speed. Hold each structure directly in front of the fan for 30 seconds. Can the structures withstand the high winds, or are the people out in the cold of an autumn windstorm? Next, (outside!) take the watering can and douse each structure with one of our extreme pounding rainstorms. Are the people inside still warm and dry?

6.Debrief the activity. Even if the structures didn’t make it through the storm, the students have learned a first lesson about constructing temporary shelters. Take another look at the list on the board, and see if the students want to add anything to it now that they have tried it themselves.