Butterflies North and South
Questions & Answers
scales, found singly or in groups, on the wings of moths and butterflies that produce scent, particularly in the male.
Also known as true mimicry, this type of defence mechanism involves an edible species, the mimic, which resembles and behaves like a different, inedible, or otherwise protected species, the model.
in general, a lepidopteran that is active during the day.
name for stage that hatches from the egg; the larvae of butterflies and moths.
a stage in which the caterpillar remains immobile and undergoes metamorphosis to become a butterfly or moth. Also called a pupa.
one of the most ancient plant families, related to the ferns and conifers.
period in which there is no metabolic activity, which may occur during the development of the egg, caterpillar, chrysalis or adult.
the external hardened skeleton of invertebrates.
the blood of invertebrates.
protective envelope, most often made from a folded leaf held in place by silk threads, in which caterpillars overwinter in a state of diapause.
adult stage (i.e., able to reproduce) in the development of an insect.
stage of growth of a caterpillar between moults.
wastes excreted from the anus after the imago emerges from the chrysalis.
in general, a lepidopteran that is active at night.
the process of shedding the exoskeleton and building a new one that allows the caterpillar (larva) to continue to grow.
(eyespots) round spots of various colours found on the wings of some butterflies and moths.
each single photoreceptive element of the compound eye.
term used to describe antennae with segments that resemble the teeth of a comb.
chemical substance secreted by butterflies and moths that produces a scent.
Setae (sing. seta)
hairs found on caterpillars.
phenomenon in which the male and female of a single species have a different appearance.
Abbreviation for "species" (singular).
Abbreviation for "species" (plural).
breathing holes on both sides of the segments of an insect's body.
each distinct period of development in an insect's life cycle.
small surface protrusion or bump.