At night I would hear horrible screams and I wondered if I would ever get these inhuman voices out of my head. I didn't know at the time that they were families being deported to the concentration camps. When our turn came to be deported, it was part of the routine that all Jews cleaned up their room. The Germans would come and check and see who was handicapped and who was capable. My father was deported and I never saw him again. He died in the Janowski Concentration Camp.
The Nazis established prison camps shortly after assuming power in 1933 to hold and isolate political opponents and those considered to be "racially" undesirable such as Jews and Gypsies. Most of the approximately 1800 camps were transit or labour camps. The first were Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen. After the occupation of Poland, extermination camps were established for mass murder at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Chelmno and Majdanek.
Established in September 1941 as a labour camp in Lvov, Ukraine. In 1943 it became an extermination camp. An estimated 40,000 of Jews from Lvov and eastern Galicia died here.