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Before the War
The Holocaust
Liberation
Displaced Persons Camps
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The Journey
Welcome to Canada
New Lives
Canadian Immigration Overview
II. Auschwitz-Birkenau
My friend Kalman and I slept in the same bunk and were inseparable. Kalman and his twin sister Judith were also part of Dr. Mengele's experiments. Every day Kalman and I had to go to the guardhouse and clean the floors and shine the guards' boots. If our job was not satisfactory, we were beaten. I quickly learned not to cry.

Every morning, the first thing we did was check to see how many of us had died during the night. It was very scary. I saw people being beaten. I saw corpses brought in from the concentration camps to be experimented on. I recognized some of these corpses as people from my hometown.
III. At Liberation »    
Leo's Map
I. Childhood in Berehovo
II. Auschwitz-Birkenau
III. At Liberation
IV. Displaced Person
V. Voyage
VI. Becoming Canadian
Concentration Camps
The Nazis established prison camps shortly after assuming power in 1933 to hold and isolate political opponents and those considered to be "racially" undesirable such as Jews and Gypsies. Most of the approximately 1800 camps were transit or labour camps. The first were Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen. After the occupation of Poland, extermination camps were established for mass murder at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Chelmno and Majdanek.