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III. At Liberation
Later I learned that my twin sister Miriam had, by some miracle, met up with our three other sisters on the death march from Auschwitz. They were liberated by the Americans about four months later. Miriam survived; unfortunately, my three other sisters were so weak that they died within a week of liberation. If it wasn't for the fact that Miriam and I were twins, we would not have survived.

Everyone else in my family — my parents, aunts, uncles and cousins — were all gassed in Auschwitz. I would never have survived had I not been a twin. I was so small in stature that I wouldn't have been of any use to the Nazis in a work camp. All the other children from my hometown were gassed on the day of our arrival in Auschwitz. None survived.
IV. Displaced Person »    
Leo's Map
I. Childhood in Berehovo
II. Auschwitz-Birkenau
III. At Liberation
IV. Displaced Person
V. Voyage
VI. Becoming Canadian
Death March
In retreating from Allied soldiers at the end of the war, Nazis forced large numbers of prisoners to march long distances under heavy guard and under intolerable conditions. Approximately a quarter of a million prisoners were murdered or otherwise died on these marches between the summer of 1944 and the end of the war.
Nazi
A member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) founded in 1919 and brought to power in 1933 under Adolf Hitler.