The Germans moved into Hungary around March of 1944. With the help of the Hungarian police, the Germans quickly rounded-up all of the Jews and placed them, with the exception of the community leaders, in the Matesalka Ghetto
. Jewish community leaders, including my father, were brought by the SS
to one of the synagogues
, interrogated, and immediately transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau
. I never saw my father again.
The Hungarian police came around and they put us all in the ghetto. Part of the town was barricaded with fences and they made a ghetto out of it. The ghetto was the holding area for all the Jews in the surrounding area, not only the people of Matesalka. Conditions in the ghetto were terrible with no kitchen or sanitation facilities. Ten people or so to a single room. I slept on the floor. I was with my mother, her parents, my aunts, and sister.