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Before the War
The Holocaust
Liberation
Displaced Persons Camps
Where Can We Go?
The Journey
Welcome to Canada
New Lives
Canadian Immigration Overview
II. During the Holocaust
In 1940, the ghetto was formed in Skarszysko and my parents sent me to stay with a non-Jewish family on a farm. I ran away after about a month. I had to walk for hours. When I got back to Skarszysko, I had to smuggle myself into the ghetto through a hole in the wall. When I arrived, my mother hugged me and kissed me but my father took off his belt and spanked me. That was the first and last spanking I ever had.

Running away from the farm that day saved my life. Shortly afterwards the SS proclaimed that anyone harbouring a Jewish child should give up the child to the police in return for a sack of flour or sugar. I know that many children survived in hiding elsewhere, but in Skarszysko, to my knowledge, none did. They were all denounced.
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Robbie's Map
I. Skarszysko, Poland
II. During the Holocaust
III. Rediscovering Freedom
IV. Orphanage
V. Finding a Home
VI. Coming to Canada
VII. Becoming Canadian
Ghetto
The Nazis revived the medieval term ghetto to describe the compulsory "Jewish Quarters" often in the poorest section of the city, where Jews from the surrounding areas were forced to live. Surrounded by barbed wire or walls, the ghettos were sealed before the deportation of Jews to the concentration camps. Established mostly in Eastern Europe, the ghettos were characterized by overcrowding, starvation and forced labour.
SS
Abbreviation for Schutzstaffel (Defence Protective Units), usually written with two lightning symbols. Initially established as Hitler's personal bodyguard, the SS was transformed into a larger organization by Heinrich Himmler. Although some SS units were assigned to the battlefield, the organization is best known for its role in the destruction of European Jewry.