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Before the War
The Holocaust
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Displaced Persons Camps
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The Journey
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Jews found themselves displaced along with millions of other non-Jews in the post-war chaos of Europe. Displaced Persons (DP) camps were established in Germany, France, Italy and Belgium, often on the sites of former labour or concentration camps. Initially, many Jewish DPs were housed behind barbed wires, guarded and exposed to humiliating treatment. Nutrition, sanitary conditions and accommodations were poor. In cities they were sometimes lodged in requisitioned houses or public buildings.      more... »
Concentration Camps
The Nazis established prison camps shortly after assuming power in 1933 to hold and isolate political opponents and those considered to be "racially" undesirable such as Jews and Gypsies. Most of the approximately 1800 camps were transit or labour camps. The first were Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen. After the occupation of Poland, extermination camps were established for mass murder at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Chelmno and Majdanek.
Displaced Persons camps
Facilities established in Germany, France, Italy and Belgium, some located in former concentration camps, where stateless Jews were housed. Some refugees remained in these camps for several years while they waited for permission to immigrate.
Jew/Jewish
Someone of the Hebrew or Jewish people. Someone who is either born or converts to Judaism, which is the religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish People.