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Before the War
The Holocaust
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One and a half million Jewish children perished in the Holocaust. At liberation, the few children who had survived the Holocaust emerged from concentration camps and places of hiding. Many found themselves orphaned. Most who had survived were adolescents and the majority of them were boys. For the most part, only those who were older and strong enough to work had been able to endure the hardships in the camps. Liberation signified their release from captivity.      more... »
Concentration Camps
The Nazis established prison camps shortly after assuming power in 1933 to hold and isolate political opponents and those considered to be "racially" undesirable such as Jews and Gypsies. Most of the approximately 1800 camps were transit or labour camps. The first were Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen. After the occupation of Poland, extermination camps were established for mass murder at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Chelmno and Majdanek.
Holocaust
The mass murder of nearly 6 million European Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators during World War II. Many individuals and groups were persecuted and suffered during the Holocaust, but only the Jews were targeted for total "extermination". The term literally means a burnt sacrifice, or sacred burning. The biblical word "Shoah," meaning catastrophe, is the Hebrew equivalent.
Jew/Jewish
Someone of the Hebrew or Jewish people. Someone who is either born or converts to Judaism, which is the religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish People.